Benchmark 3 Review- US History

Most Missed SSUSH from Unit 1 & 2

SSUSH 1.b

Describe the settlement of New England; include religious reasons, relations with Native Americans (e.g., King Phillip’s War), the establishment of town meetings and development of a legislature, religious tensions that led to the founding of Rhode Island, the half-way covenant, Salem Witch Trials, and the loss of the Massachusetts charter and the transition to a royal colony.

Terms

Massachusetts Settlement-established by the Puritans in the region known as New England


Rhode Island Settlement-founded by religious dissenters from Massachusetts who were more tolerant of different religious beliefs


Half-Way Covenant-allowed for partial church membership for the children and grandchildren of original Puritans


King Philip's War-(1675-1676) was an early conflict between English colonists and American Indians


Salem Witch Trials-a series of trials resulting from a mass hysteria about witches; 150 were accused and 29 convicted


SSUSH 3.a

Explain how the end of Anglo-French imperial competition as seen in the French and Indian War and the 1763 Treaty of Paris laid the groundwork for the American Revolution.

Terms

French and Indian War - A war that lasted from 1754-1763 that established Britain as the dominant world power. Britain and colonists fought against the French and their American Indian allies.


Treaty of Paris (1763) - ended the French and Indian War; France lost almost all of its territory in North America


Proclamation of 1763 - issued by Parliament and forbade colonial settlement west of the Appalachians to limit conflicts with the American Indians; disliked by many colonists


SSUSH 5

The student will explain specific events and key ideas that brought about the adoption and implementation of the United States Constitution.

Can you explain the importance of George Washington's Presidency?

George Washington - presided over the Constitutional Convention and became our nation’s first president


Whiskey Rebellion - western farmers ran off tax collectors and refused to pay the tax on Whiskey; Washington responded by sending a military force to put down the rebellion; this showed that the new Constitution was more effective and the rule of law would stand


Political Parties - a group of people who agree on many political issues that unit to elect candidates that share their views; the first two political parties were the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans


Factions - Washington’s term to describe political parties; he warned against factions in his Farewell Address


*NON-intervention in Europe!


Can you explain the importance of John Adams' presidency?

John Adams - followed Washington and was the second president; worked to maintain American neutrality and stay out of wars between France and Britain


Click here for an in-depth look at President John Adams: From Alien and Sedition Acts to XYZ Affair

Don't forget your Political Parties...

SSUSH 7.b

Describe the westward growth of the United States; include the emerging concept of Manifest Destiny.

SSUSH 8.c

Describe the Nullification Crisis and the emergence of states’ rights ideology; include the role of John C. Calhoun and development of sectionalism.

Terms

Jacksonian Democracy - this period was characterized by suffrage for all adult white males, an increase in presidential power, and emphasis on the “common man” rather than the educated class


Nullification Crisis - South Carolina cancelled a tariff law and refuse to pay it; President Jackson responded strongly to this and South Carolina eventually would compromise


John C. Calhoun - South Carolinian who ended up resigning as Jackson’s VP, in part because he supported nullification and states’ rights


Sectionalism - when a person is more loyal to their region (or section) of the nation rather than the country as a whole


States’ Rights - the idea that states have certain rights and political powers separate from those held by the federal government that the federal government may not violate


SSUSH 8.d

Describe the war with Mexico and the Wilmot Proviso.

Terms

Mexican-American War - 1846-1848, this war resulted in an American victory and a gain of a huge amount of territory in what is now the American southwest


Wilmot Proviso - unsuccessful bill that would have banned slavery in all the land gained from Mexico


Compromise of 1850 - preserved the Union for a time, it settled a border dispute between Texas and New Mexico, allowed popular sovereignty in some western territories, allowed California to enter as a free state, required that runaway slaves be returned to their owners, and abolished the slave trade in Washington, D.C.


SSUSH 9

The student will identify key events, issues, and individuals relating to the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War.

SSUSH 10.a

Compare and contrast Presidential Reconstruction with Radical Republican Reconstruction.

Just a few vocabulary you need to remember for RECONSTRUCTION

Presidential Reconstruction - Lincoln and Johnson’s program of Reconstruction; wanted to quickly readmit the Confederate states without revenge


Radical Republican Reconstruction - Congress took control of the Reconstruction process from President Johnson and militarily occupied the South, placing tougher demands and controls on the former Confederate states


13th Amendment - abolished slavery


14th Amendment - defined citizenship as all persons born in the U.S., (effectively made almost all former slaves citizens) guaranteed equal protection and due process


15th Amendment - voting rights could not be restricted on the basis of race, color, or being a slave (gave black males the right to vote)


Morehouse College - historically black college founded in 1867 in Atlanta


Freedmen’s Bureau - helped the former slaves make a transition to freedom by providing food, clothing, jobs, medicine, and education


Andrew Johnson’s Impeachment - Johnson was impeached for ignoring a laws passed to limit presidential power; real reason was the Radical Republicans wanted him removed

Need more study resources, check out the links below!