Tenth Amendment

Innocent Ebeh

Original Text From The Constitution

The powers not delegated to the united states by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively or to the people.

Meaning of the Amendment

Any power not given to the national government is reserved for the states or the people

History of the Amendment

Parliament had the power to overrule the colonial legislatures so they were able to impose laws and regulations on the colonies. When the Americans won the American Revolution they wanted a constitution that didn't give to much power to the federal government. That's why they included the tenth amendment so that the state and federal government had equal power.
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Supreme Court Case

League of Cities vs. Usery 1976

Case background

This case was over the fair labors standard act of 1938. This act set minimum wages and maximum hours on workers of states. Then in 1974 congress amended the act to cover most government employees. Since it was amended it meant that the federal government got to chose the work conditions for government workers of states and how much the states should pay them.

Courts Decision

The supreme court decided that the federal government could not do anything to take away an accepted state power such as how much to pay their employees. The supreme court decided this because they thought Congress had taken away the states integrity of being able to work in a federal system effectively.

Sources

"Tenth Amendment." Constitutional Amendments: From Freedom of Speech to Flag Burning. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, 2008. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 8 Dec. 2015.