Maryland, Virginia, Carolina(s), and Georgia
Types of Colonies
Vocab Specific to Southern Colonies
Charter Colony: Is a colony started by a charter/document that gives the right to establish a colony (Virginia, Carolinas, Georgia).
Proprietary Colony: A colony established by a given person to another (Maryland).
Region: An area having definable characteristics but does not have fixed boundaries.
Cash Crop: A crop produced for its commercial value rather than its use by the grower.
The Southern Colonies had an agriculture-based economy. They had large plantations, farmers growing tobacco, indigo, and rice, and craftspeople.
The geography of the Southern Colonies helped the agriculture-based economy. It has a long growing season, warm and mild climate, fertile soil, and good forests. It also had abundant resources like Chesapeake Bay and rich farmlands.
Everyone but Maryland in the Southern colonies was Anglican. Maryland imposed religious freedom for the Catholics because of Lord Baltimore's legacy. He wanted to install the Act of Toleration to practice religion freely.
*United States History beginnings to 1877
* Thirteen Colonies: The Southern Colonies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j3KAOWye1AM
*Ms. Maltas's Southern Colonies Slides (blog)
Modern Day Examples from Each State
North Carolina: Geography- Lots of mountain terrain, blue ridges, forest, and Atlantic beaches. Political- Similar to South Carolina, has state laws and its own senators and governors. Economy- Grows 40% of all Tobacco in the U.S, and has a major production in furniture and textiles. Religion- 47.5% are religious. 7 percent are of a christian faith, including other religions within the branch like LDS and catholic. Few Jews and Islamics.
Maryland: Geography- Abundant waterways and coastlines. Chesapeake Bay and other famous beaches and coasts are there. Politics- The government is conducted via the Maryland Constitution. Has governors and senators. Economy- Lots of biotechnology, services, and manufacturing. 41% are religious. 15% are catholics, and 7 percent are another christian branch.
Georgia: Geography- Very humid, includes The Golden Isles of Georgia (off the coast), lots of tropical plants. Politics- State laws, governor and senators. Economy- Food, petroleum products, and transportation equipment. Religion- 83.4% of the Georgia population identify as Eastern Orthodox Christian. 11% are muslim, and the others also include Catholic.
Virginia: Geography- Atlantic Coastline, mountain terrain, lukewarm most of the time. Politics- Has senators, governors, representatives, and other government positions. Economy- Lots of cattle, tobacco, and peanut farming. Religion- 73% are christian, and they fall in the different branches of christianity. Less than 1% for Jewish, Muslim, and Hindu.