The first of the Protestant reformers
Who is Martin Luther?
- Born in Eisleben, Saxony in 1483.
- Joined the Augustinian Friars in 1505.
- His father was a strict disciplinarian.
- Entered the monastery after surviving a violent thunderstorm
- While he was in the monastery he had a problem with scrupulosity.
- He began to see God as a lawgiver and administrator of justice.
Luther's teachings and influences
- Emphasized the primacy of the Bible rather than Church officials as the ultimate religious authority.
- Believed that humans could not reach salvation by their own act but that their only God could bestowed salvation by his dying grace.
- Criticized the selling of indulgences.
- William of Ockham influenced his teachings.
- Influenced by the writings of the early Church philosopher, Augustine
- His personal struggle with scrupulosity and his strict father also made him see God this way.
- In October of 1570, he nailed a copy of his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Castle Church.
- It was a list of questions and propositions for the debate about the teachings of the Catholic Church.
- He strongly criticized the selling of indulgences.
- Copies of this were spread quickly throughout Europe because of the printing press.
Comparison of Teachings
- Taught that faith alone saves. But Christ says, "Faith without works is dead" -James 2:26.
- Taught that there is no supreme teaching power of the Church. Jesus instituted that Christ gave Peter the authority of Pope.
- Believed that each person can interpret Scripture in their own way. Because each person has different life experiences, people may have different ways to interpret Scripture without making stuff up.
- Although Luther was right, there was corruptions in the Church (selling indulgence). Most of his teachings went against the teaching of the Church.