Animal Discovery Project

Amphibians

  • Cold blooded
  • Have a backbone
  • Live on both water and land
  • No scales
  • Typically go through metamorphosis
  • Omnivore
  • Bilateral Symmetry

Tomato Frog (Dyscophus)

  • Male Tomato Frogs tend to grow about 2 and a half inches in length while females tend to grow 3-4 inches in length
  • Live in temperatures from 64-80 degrees Fahrenheit
  • A variety of insects and invertebrates like crickets, wax worms, and even mice
  • Their habitat is a burrowed hole in the ground where they can eat passing insects
  • Their bright colors serve as a warning mechanism while they aren't toxic they spit out a white mucus which is irratating to the mucous membrane and serves to ward off predators
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Cottonmouth Snake (Agkistrodon piscivorus)

  • Cottonmouths reach up to 30-48 inches in length and occasionally up to 74 inches
  • On young animals the back is marked by bands with dark borders and paler centers, this pattern is usually lost in older individuals
  • Most active at night since they spend more time in water because water attracts more heat than the air
  • They aren't usually aggressive unless triggered but one of their unique behaviors is their ability to "stand their ground"
  • When thoroughly aroused, a cottonmouth coils its body and threatens the intruder with its mouth wide open and their fangs exposed
  • Mainly reside in the southeastern part of the United States and are semi-aquatic
  • Their diet consists of cold and warm blooded prey including other species of snakes, frogs, small lizards, fish, etc.
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Poison Dart Frog (Denodrobatidae)

  • Their elaborate designs and hues of color are a deliberate tactic to warn off predators also known as aposematic coloration
  • Their length is 1 inch long (size of a paper clip)
  • The gold poison dart frog has enough venom to kill 10 grown men
  • Scientists are unsure about the source of the poison dart frogs venom
  • Medical researchers have been exploring uses for the venom and created a synthetic version that shows the promise as a pain killer
  • They are carnivores and eat a variety of flies, ants, insects, and spiders
  • Can live to about 3-15 years
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