- smallpox is caused by the variola virus.
- the disease is spread by face-to-face contact, direct contact with infected bodily fluids, or contanimated objects such as bedding or clothing and virus carried in the air.
- symptoms of the disease are high fever, head and body aches, raised bumps, and pus-filled blisters that crust, scab, and fall off after 3 weeks, leaving a pitted scar.
- There is no cure for smallpox. In the event of an infection, treatment would focus on relieving symptoms and keeping the person from being dehydrated. They have to receive the vaccine and be monitered.
- smallpox vaccination is the only way to prevent smallpox in an exposed person.
- smallpox does not occur in nature at all!
2. Vaccine against smallpox contains a live virus called vaccinia, which is related to the variola virus that causes smallpox.
3. most Americans under 40 have not been vaccinated
4. death occurs up to 30% of cases