Afghanistan

by: Abbi Wiese

Basic Information

Current population- 32,564,324

Capital-Kabul

Leader and what their title is- President Ashraf Ghani

Languages- Dari and Pashto

Government- Islamic Republic

Big image

Geography

Afghanistan is a little larger than France and a little smaller than Texas. Afghanistan has no access to the sea and it bounders Pakistan, China, Iran,Tajikistan. It covers about 250,000 square miles and the highest peak in Afghanistan is 24,557 feet high. Afghanistan has some forest land, and is divided into three regions. These regions are the Northern Plains, the central plains, and the southern plateau.

Climate and Earthquakes

The climate in Afghanistan is hot and dry in the summer and bitterly cold in the winter. Earthquakes in Afghanistan are very common because Afghanistan is on the southern fringe of the Eurasian tectonic plate. Major earthquakes have happened in 1998,2002,2004,and 2005. The earthquake in 2002 killed more than 2,000 people and left 30,000 people homeless.

cities in Afghanistan

In Afghanistan the biggest city is Kabul it has a population of 3,043,532. Kabul is Afghanistan's capital and is located by the Kabul River At an elevation of 5,900. The next biggest city in Afghanistan is Kandahar with a population of 391,190. It lies on the Tarnak River at a elevation of 3,300. The third most populated country is Herat at a population of 397,456. Herat is an ancient city located on the trade route from Persia to India.

Culture

Afghanistan has many different cultures with their own languages and people. Afghanistan has over 30 minor languages. It's main culture group is Pashtun with 38 percent and their smallest culture group is Uzbek with 6 percent of Afghanistan population. Some other culture groups are Tajik at 25 percent, and Hazara ,at 19 percent.

Clothing

In Afghanistan men and women wear baggy cotton trousers. Men also wear long cotton shirts, wide sashes around their waist, a skull cap, and sometimes a turban. Women wear long loose shirts or dresses, a colorful skirt, and a shawl wrapped around their heads. The clothes that people wear can also depend on their ethnic group. For example Hazrar women wear embroidered red and green dresses. The style of clothes many also vary, Some people wear modern clothes and other wear traditional dresses.

Food

People in Afghanistan eat their meals sitting on the floor, everyone sits on these big color cushions called toshak. The daily meals they eat in Afghanistan are rice, flat bread called nan, and tea. The dish that is the most popular is called quaili pallow, this contains lamb, onions,pistachios,raisins carrots almonds, and rice. Other common things that people eat are chicken, cheeese, eggs, and fruit such as pomegranates, grapes, melons, tangerines, oranges, and apricot. Chunks of lamb or chicken are mixed with vegitables and grilled this is called kebabs.

Life as a Kid an Education

For most kids they are taking on adult responsibilities at the age of ten. Most kids grow up in big families and usually live with several generations in one house. Most families also live in the country. Many kids were not able to go to school during the Afghanistan long-running civil war and many schools were destroyed during this time. The Taliban also closed down no-religious schools and banned girls from going to school. During this time more than half of their population was unable to read or wright. Now schools are open to girls and people are getting a higher education. The literacy rate is male:52% female:24.5.

Bibliography

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