Theresienstadt

Natasha Haydel 2nd

Introduction

Theresienstadt was one of the most famous concentration camps during the Holocaust. A concentration camp is a place where large numbers of people are held in a relatively small area, in which they are forced to provide labor or await execution. The camp itself only lasted three and a half years, but it is still standing to this day and can be visited daily.

Life in Theresienstadt

Theresienstadt was a concentration camp, and main purposes. The first being a transit camp for Czech Jews whom Germans deported to killing centers. Second, it was a ghetto-labor camp to which the SS (Schutzstaffel) deported German, Austrian, and Czech Jews. The deported Jews would be deployed and would be forced to do productive labor in the East. Since elderly Jews could not be used for forced labor.the Nazis used Theresienstadt to hide the nature of deportations. Third, Theresienstadt served as a holding pen for Jews . Theresienstadt, in other terms could also be described as an assembly camp more like a settlement.


Theresienstadt was also an important propaganda function for the Germans. Propaganda is information that is usually biased and misleading, which is used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view. In Nazi propaganda , Theresienstadt was cynically described as a "spa town" where elderly German Jews could "retire" in safety. At one point the Nazis staged a sociable and cultural event for the red cross. Shortly before they arrived the camp was "beautified". Gardens were planted, houses painted, and barracks renovated. After the visit deportation and its cruel nature was resumed, until October 1944.


Theresienstadt, was actually established in 1941, Terezin. It was a garrison town which means that troops are permanently stationed there . They interned several thousands of Jews from the Netherlands. It was also presented as a "model Jewish settlement" for propaganda purposes. When reports about the death camps emerged, Nazis decided to present Theresienstadt to an investigative commission of the international red cross. After the visit the Nazis produced a propaganda film about the new life of the Jews under the auspices of the third Reich.


http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005424

I have cited this website and have made sure all the information is correct. It also has been recently updated. It has been very informative and has helped me very much to improve my article.


http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/holocaust/about/03/terezin.asp

i have also cited this. all the information is correct. And o have found a lot of great information for my article

Terezín, Czech Republic: Concentration Camp Memorial

facts

1. It was originally founded in 1780.

2. In 1942, 15,891 people died in Theresienstadt because of disease.

3. It was liberated on may 8, 1945

4. it was a very cultural place they had many artist and musicians.

5. After World War II, theresienstadt was resurrected as a Czech town of terezin

citations

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, The Museum. "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum." Holocaust Encyclopedia. Washington, DC: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2015. Web. 28 Jan. 2016.



Berenbaum/2016 Encyclopedia Britannaica,inc., Michael. "Theresienstadt | Concentration Camp, Czech Republic." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016. Web. 29 Jan. 2016.


Kulturbesitz, Bildarchiv Preussischer. Therenstadt. 1942. The United States Holocaust Museum,


Yad Vashem The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority. "The Holocaust." Holocaust History.Web. 07 Feb. 2016

conclusion

Theresienstadt was one of the many concentration camps during the Holocaust. Many of thousands of people died because of them. They should never be forgotten. And we all should be thankful for what we have and also be thankful that we didn't have to go thorough what they had to.