What is it?
Sickle Disease causes patients to have a mutation in a gene that causes the red blood cells to not form in a weird shape, much like a sickle that you use to cut wheat in a field. Because of this, the blood cells get stuck inside the blood vessels causing the vessels to not be able to transport oxygen. This causes the patient pain and damage to organs.
How do people get Sickle Cell disease?
Sickle cell disease is inherited from parents. Even if the parent doesn't show symptoms if the disease, if they have the gene they can pass it along to their child. There is a 25% chance that the child will get the disease if you have the gene.