Mexican Government and Commerce

Group Members: Pedro Moore, Luz Buelow, Rodrigo King

What Type Of Government Does Mexico Have?

They are Federal Republic. A Federal Republic Government is a form of government made up of a federal state with a constitution and self-governing submits. They also run off of the presidential system just like the United States. They also have different types of branches. On the federal level, the Mexican government has three branches: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. The president is the head of the Executive Branch and the Armed Forces and is also the nominal head of the country.

Who Is Mexico's Leader? What Is Mexico's Political Platform? How Does The President Affect Mexico's Role In The World Today?

The leader of Mexico is Enrique Peña Nieto. The Institutional Revolutionary Party is one of the strongest parties in Mexico. This party has also been in the government the longest out of any of the other parties such as, National Action Party, Labor Party, and Convergence Ecological Party. The (IRP) held power from 1929 to 2000. Mexico’s poor and less-educated people depend on the (IRP) government aid.

Enrique Peña Nieto and the country’s economy are doing a really poor job with only 1% of GDP growth in 2013 and less than 3% growth for 2014. The GDP is the monetary value of all the goods and services made in that country’s borders through a specific time period. 6 out of 10 Mexican’s show their dissatisfaction with the country’s economy.

What Are Mexico's Major Imports/Exports? How Are Mexico's Imports/Exports Tied To The Geography And Climate Of Mexico?

The leading exports in Mexico are petroleum and petroleum products. Fruits and vegetables, machinery, and motor vehicles are other main exports. The leading import in Mexico is electronic equipment. The main trade partner that Mexico has is the United States, the rest of the world does not do much trade with Mexico. Mexico is trying to trade more with China though. Mexico is rich in natural resources. Northern and central Mexico has a central plateau that has some of the best ranch and farm land in the country due to it having mostly rolling hills and broad valleys. This is why fruits and vegetables are some of the leading exports in Mexico. In the southernmost part of Mexico, there are many mountain ranges; including the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, the Río de Grijalva basin and the Chiapas highlands. This region is rich in petroleum, which would explain why petroleum is the leading export in Mexico.

What Are The Biggest Issues In Society That Mexico Is Facing? How Are These Issues Being Addressed?

Social Problems: One of the biggest issues for Mexico right now is that there are 115k Mexicans living with HIV or AIDS. These issues are trying to be treated by going and visiting your doctor, and learn how to treat this type of disease. These issues are being addressed all around Mexico, and the people address this to their doctors. This issue has been happening throughout the last couple of years, and it keeps spreading. No cure has been found yet.

Environmental Problems: The capital of Mexico, which is Mexico City, is having major air pollution problems. It is getting so bad that children and adults are having to stay inside because the pollution is so bad for the health. Many people are getting and have breathing problems and eye infections. The government has tried to control pollution from cars by closing some downtown streets to traffic. The city is starting to ban 1/5 of the cars from the road each day of the work week. Since the 1990's, the government began to impose even stricter pollution controls.

Cited Works

“Land and Climate.” Culture Grams. N.p.: n.p., 2014. N. pag. Culture Grams. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <>.

Minster, Christopher. “Biography of Enrique Peña Nieto.” Biography of Enrique Peña Nieto. N.p.: n.p., 2014. N. pag. Biography of Enrique Peña Nieto. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. <>.

“Trade.” Student World Book. N.p.: World Book, 2014. N. pag. Student World Book. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <>.

“World of Wonders Project Mexico Expedition Geography and Climate.” Adventure Learning Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <>.