Structure, Rights, and Similarities
It is structured first by stating the Basic Law, then tells of basic rights (in articles 1-19). Following basic rights is the federation and laender, the lower house of parliment, the upper house of parliment, the joint committee, and the federal president. The German constitution consists mostly of articles with amendments inserted into the articles.
This constitution protects the rights of human dignity, liberty, equality before the law, freedom of faith, of conscience, and of creed, and expression. It also protects the right to an education, assembly, association, privacy of post, and movement. It protects the right to choose an occupation, liability of military, inviolability of home, right to property. The last rights protected are socialization, deprivation of citizenship, and petition.
If I could add one thing from this constitution to that of the United States, I would add the liability to military. Our armed forces are just a fraction of the people able to serve, and if this was added to our constitution our military would become better and stronger than before.