Segregation & The Jim Crow Laws

Ja'Kayla Turner

Summary

  • The Jim Crow Laws segregated the blacks from the white society.
  • They called them the “Jim Crow” laws because Jim Crow dressed as a black man and made fun of African Americans.
  • The Plessy v. Ferguson case was the reasoning for the policy "separate but equal" being put in place.

  • Some of the things were illegal for blacks and whites to attend the same schools, Swimming pools, libraries, and other public places were also segregated. Facilities for blacks were almost never equal to white facilities. Other laws kept most blacks from voting. These laws required literacy tests, poll taxes, and other conditions for voting.

  • Ten years later, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 became law. It barred discrimination based on race, color, national origin, religious beliefs, or sex.




Key Person

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr., was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. Mr.King attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. Mr. King then met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family. On August 28, 1963, over 250,000 people, including thousands of whites, gathered at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. The emerging leader of the Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King, Jr., gave his famous "I have a dream" speech. Continued protests, boycotts and marches gradually convinced the American populace to seriously consider major changes to the way blacks were treated in America. The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 3, 1968 and the ensuing race riots and protests shocked America and made it solid support for the Civil Rights Movement

Sources SIted

  • "1960's Civil Rights Movement." History. N.p., 2013. Web. 13 Jan. 2014.
  • "Martin Luther King Jr." - Biographical. N.p., 2014. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.
  • CNN. Cable News Network, 1 Feb. 2001. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.
  • "1960's Civil Rights Movement." History. N.p., 2013. Web. 13 Jan. 2014.