Iran Geography

Nicholas Castorina, Amogh Singhal, Emily Tepera


Iran is one of the main countries in the Middle East, east of Iraq, south of Turkey, and west of the Afghanistan and Pakistan. It's capital is Tehran.

Capital City: Tehran

35.6833° N, 51.4167° E
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There are no spring and fall, just a rainy summer and a dry winter. This happens because Iran is closer to the equator than the United States, causing it to have a very dry season and a very wet season.
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10 Landforms

Kharg Island- it separated from the mainland because of rising sea levels

Persian Gulf- many rivers flow into this area

Alborz Mountain Range- two land masses pushed against each other in a convergent boundary, causing land to move upwards

Great Salt Desert- climate change over time causing desertification

Miynakale Peninsula- movement of water, rock, and soil and non erosion of this area.

Silakhor Plain- movement of rock and soil, and protection from erosion

Iranian Plateau- hot magma pushed towards Earth’s surface causing large chucks of land to rise.

Strait of Hormuz- water wanting to move out from the Persian gulf taking the lowest point to the ocean.

Mehran River- movement of water from the gulf.

Ovan Lake- water that got stuck in a basin and never evaporated


Iran has desert and steppe climates. It gets very cold in the winter, with desert climates being in the north and west, and steppe climates in the south and east. The desert climate is very dry, and gets little rain, but it still can get cold. On the other hand, steppe climates are suited to higher, wetter elevations, which still can get dry and hot, but get more precipitation.


The biomes that appear in this country are mainly the desert and shrubland. Since Iran is at the point where dryness is common, the environment reflects that dryness. Thats why the two biomes turn into desert and shrubland throughout the entirety of Iran.
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Natural Disasters

Earthquakes are very common in Iran. Iran is located where two land masses meet and they shift over time. This causes the people in the area to adapt their environment to survive them. Also, people tend to move away from the Earthquake area, causing lots of people to be near the north western border.


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Lanin, Ivan. "Category:Landforms of Iran." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Mar. 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

NASA. "Teachers' Domain: Biomes." Teachers' Domain: Biomes. WGPH Educational Foundation, 2006. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

Williams, Paige. "Learn the Scientific Reasons behind Earth's Seasons." NBC News, 19 Mar. 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

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