Women's Mental Health Project
By: Gia Cipolla and Gabrielle LoGrande
A Solution Now Looks Crazy by: The New York Times
A History of Treatment for Mental Illness by: The Washington Post
19th Century: The legal standard only requires the presence of mental illness and a doctors recommendation to prove that hospilization is necessary.
Early 20th Century: By 1953, the number of Americans in psychiatric institutions swells to a high of 559,00.
Mid- 20th Century: In 1963, The Community Mental Health Centers Act, helped in the process of beginning deinstitutionalization begins. The number of psychiatric inpatients declined rapidly due to the closing of stat-run hospitals.
Later 20th Century: In 1975 the Supreme Court decided that the state cannot restrict a "non-dangerous individual" who is capable of surviving on their own or with others.