Wetlands

4 Types of Wetlands

Bog, Marsh, Swamp, fen.

Bog

  • Peat is Formed
  • Plants have to be able to survive in waterlogged environment.
  • Mosse, beavers, & a Variety of nesting Birds.
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Marsh

  • Identified By soil that is covered by shallow water all year long.
  • Reeds & cattails
  • Reed bed where many fish and amphibians thrive.
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Swamp

  • Only type that has trees in them
  • Alligators
  • Formed when rivers overflow their banks.
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Fen

  • Water that is below the soil
  • Soil is damp doesn't rise above in most areas
  • Fewer birds cause less vegetation.
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Uses

  • Habitat for endangered Wildlifes
  • Filters water
  • Act as spongers to collect and hold flood waters.
  • control erosion
  • ditching and draining

Statistics

  • 17% of the Pantanal had been lost to deforestation
  • 5 million square kilometers of wetlands that existed in 1900 just 12.8 million square kilometers now remain
  • Rate of destruction is as high as 80%

Animals

  • Beavers- One beaver can cut down 200 trees a year. Beavers are important to wetlands because they change a fast growing forest in to a pond where many animals live.
  • Mallard Ducks - Inhabit most wetlands.
  • Tiger trout- They can't reproduce.

Plants

  • Cattails are tall, stiff plants, growing almost ten feet tall leaves looking like grass.
  • Duckweeds are very important they absorb toxins might find their way to water.
  • Baltic rush Native Americans use to use it for black die.

Strategies for Preservation and Conservation

  • Get involved find out where wetlands exist near your home, try to learn more about them, and support educational efforts.
  • Rather than draining or filling wetlands, seek compatible uses involving minimal wetland alteration, such as waterfowl production, fur harvest, hay and forage, wild rice production, hunting and trapping leases, and selective timber harvest.
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