North American Natives
Info about the North American Natives
Anasazi (ancestors of Pueblo)
Constructed dams, ditches, and canals to trap rain from tops of mesa. House made of adobe and stone, They were multi-storied. Heart of civilazation in Chaco Canyon was Pueblo Bonito where a massive complex of more than 1,000 people were held. From Pueblo Bonito they built roads for trading networks. Crafts people made turquoise jewelry, woven baskets, and pottery. Heavily influenced art and architecture of late groups. They left because of many droughts.
Adena (known as the eastern woodlands people)
Lived in Idaho at around 700 BC. Grew squash, gourds, and barley. Produced exquisite copper jewelry and pottery. Elaborate burial mounds made of log structures.
Hopewell (also known as the Eastern Woodlands peoples)
Arrived in Idaho at 300 BC. built mounds up to 40 feet high and 100 feet wide. Artifacts that were found suggest extensive trade network. Adena and them were known as "mound builders".
Arrived in Mississippi around 800 AD. Increase in population caused the need for more land. More land resulted in numerous cities with up to 10,000 people. In Cahokia there was a huge mound that was approximately 100 feet high and had a base of more than 14 acres high there were more than 120 small mounds surrounding this huge mound.