LATIN AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE LEADERS

By: Sofia Brotzler

LEADERS: JEAN-JACQUES DESSALINES AND SIMON BOLIVAR

We are celebrating the greatness of Latin American heros, they created independence for people who didn't know that was possible. These leaders needed to be pointed out today because of the great accomplishments they did during there lives and the people they impacted.

JEAN-JACQUES DESSALINES

Jean-Jacques Dessalines was born in West Africa on September 20 1758. He unfortunately died on October 17 1806. He was once a slave but joined the military when he got freedom. He was a huge contributor to the black slave independent movement and the fight for the country to become independent.


He fought for many things, but it all started with the African American slave movement which started in the french army. He was in the army and moved through the ranks fast, he became second in command right after Toussaint Louverture.


He was a very trusty leader and was very important and hopeful. He wanted to get rid of all slavery because he was a slave and once a slave you always have that past and he wanted to make things different for black slaves he knew that it was worth it and it would become something big.


When it became clear that the French intended to re-establish slavery on Saint-Domingue, as they had on Guadeloupe, Dessalines went back to haitis army on October 1802. He became very angry and went back to oppose the French.



On 4 December 1803, the French colonial army of Napoleon surrendered its last remaining territory to Dessalines' forces and he was finally happy with the results. This officially ended the only slave rebellion in world history which successfully resulted in establishing an independent nation.

Dessalines then established the Declaration of Independence in 1804, and declared himself emperor.

SIMON BOLIVAR

He was a Spanish leader and was a creole born on July 24, 1783 in Caracas,New Granada now known as Venezuela. He died on December 17, 1830. He was part of a really rich family and once his parents died he moved back to Spain. He continued his education and got married to a young woman who died of yellow fever.


He moved back to Europe and kept tabs on Napoleon, he crowned of king of a few areas including Venezuela and Bolivar didn't want that happening. He went to Venezuela and joined the Resistance movement and kept the fight going for Caracas, Venezuela and most of South America was going to continue.


Bolívar returned to his home and became involved in a number o battles that would help them win there independence cause no one wanted Napoleon as there leader making this fight a lot more worth it. they them eventually were able to claim several territories.

1821 the creation of the Gran Colombia, under Bolívar's leadership was established.


Bolívar declared himself dictator in 1828. Even though he might have not known it he was a very important person and was a huge inspiration for many people. There are tons of statues and plaza squares bearing his likeness throughout South and North America. Several cities and towns throughout the United States are named in his honor and statues and roads bearing his name can be found in many places including Egypt, Australia and Turkey.