Jewish Partisans

Jewish fighters who escaped from ghettos and camps

Jewish Partisans

Who are they:

Jews that escaped from ghettos and camps formed their own fighting groups.

Location:

Were concentrated in densely wooded areas. A large group of Partisans in occupied Soviet Territory hid in a forest near the Lithuanian capital of Vilna.

Actions:

They derailed hundreds of trains and able to kill 3,000 German soldiers. Life was difficult because they had to move around constantly to avoid being found by German Soldiers. They had to raid farmers food supplies to eat, and try to survive the winter in flimsy shelters built from logs and branches. Sometimes local villagers helped the them.

Warsaw Ghetto

These areas Inspired many revolts in other ghettos including Treblinka uprising, the Sobibar uprising, the Auschwitz Sonderkommando uprising, Chelmno.

Poland later staged a revolt to destroy the extermination camps. Later in 1939 about 400000 Jews were confined in an area a little more than 1 square mile. Thousands died from starvation and dieses later on. 1943 was when about a 1000 jewfish men found weapons and started to revolt. Many were sent to extermination camps. An organization called ZOB ambushed Nazi soldiers which lasted several days until Germans withdrew. When the Germans came back ZOB had fewer men and weapons than the Nazis but still fought for a month while fighting the Germans found the Jewish hide outs and destroyed them with the Jews around 7000 Jews died during the uprising and another 50000 were sent to extermination camps.

Sobibor Uprising

  • October 14 1943
  • tried to quietly kill guards
  • guards opened fire on prisoners
  • only about 300 escaped
  • 100 were recaptured and shot

Auschwitz Sonderkommando Uprising

  • October 7 1944
  • prisoners started by blowing up the crematoria and killing several guards
  • no one escaped and everyone was killed
  • four women who smuggled gunpowder were hanged on January 6, 1945

Camp Chelmno

Chelmmo was a camp that closed in march 1943 but reopened June 1944.

January 17, 1943 Germans began killing the Jewish prisoners and abandoned camp.

Treblinka Uprising

    • first uprising on August 2, 1943
    • prisoners seize weapons from the camp, but are discovered before taking over
    • hundreds tried to escape but were killed
    • 300 escaped, but most were captured and killed
    • remaining prisoners had to erase the camp existence then were shot
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