The Reading Process: Fluency Counts

by: Elizabeth Brock brocke13@students.ecu.ecu

Fluency Counts!

Fluency is defined as the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression...aka "the bridge between decoding words and comprehension".

Fluency contains three parts:

1. word automaticity: the ability to recognize a word with very little effort.

2. Prosody: the expression that the reader uses to help comprehend what the author is trying to say. Often use voice, tone, or volume to convey expression.

3. Speed or rate: although fluency is more than speed, speed often increases as a result of better word automaticity.

Fluency Interventions

Reading Together

Student and teacher read together

Listen While Reading

Student listens to a pre-recorded recording of the text while he/she reads


Reading aloud to students models fluent reading for them

Reading Practice

Practice, practice, practice

Repeated Reading

Re-read a passage until fluency is attained

Guaranteed to get your students reading better and enjoying it!

Increasing Your Students' Reading Fluency: Strategies That Work, Grades 1-3