The Reading Process: Fluency Counts
by: Elizabeth Brock firstname.lastname@example.org
Fluency contains three parts:
1. word automaticity: the ability to recognize a word with very little effort.
2. Prosody: the expression that the reader uses to help comprehend what the author is trying to say. Often use voice, tone, or volume to convey expression.
3. Speed or rate: although fluency is more than speed, speed often increases as a result of better word automaticity.
Student and teacher read together
Listen While Reading
Student listens to a pre-recorded recording of the text while he/she reads
Reading aloud to students models fluent reading for them
Practice, practice, practice
Re-read a passage until fluency is attained