Australian life

What buildings were built in Melbourne during this time?

toorak college history.

Toorak College was an all boys in 1874, and then it soon changed to an all girls’ school in 1929. Schools in the 1800s didn't have playgrounds they just had a field of grass instead. The toilets in the 1800s were outhouses behind the school as there was no water running. There was no electricity in the schools, which meant to refrigerators. At 9 o clock a teacher would ring a hand bell, which meant class was starting. They had slate as a desk that is a small, washable, portable blackboard and they would have a slate pencil, because paper and ink was so expensive, the slate was easy as they could write there notes and then wipe it off with a damp rag later. If the children got bored they would usually carve their name in the slate as others had done years before them. As they had no electricity they used sunlight from the windows, or an oil lamp in the winter. The heat comes from a wood or coal stove but they wouldn't be able to light it on a stormy or windy day so the school would close on those days. In the school all they had was a blackboard, perhaps a map and the strap if the children behaved it was the teachers way of punishment.

buildings in the 1800s melbourne

1853- Melbourne University founded

The University of Melbourne (commonly referred to as Melbourne or UniMelb) is an Australian public university. Founded in 1853, it is Australia's second oldest university and the oldest in Victoria. Considered to be Australia's most prestigious university,Melbourne is currently ranked as Australia's best university.

1854 – The Melbourne Terminus (first Flinders Street Station building) is completed
It was the first railway station in an Australian city, the terminus for the first use of steam rail in Australia and the world's busiest passenger station in the late 1920s.

1854 – The State Library of Victoria founded

The decision to build a state library was made by Lieutenant-Governor Charles La Trobe. A competition was held to decide who would design the new building; local architect Joseph Reed, won the commission. The State Library of Victoria is the central library of the state of Victoria, Australia, located in Melbourne. It is on the block bounded by Swanston, La Trobe, Russell, and Little Lonsdale streets.

1854 – The first Town Hall is completed

The first Town Hall was made for recreational purposes.

1855 – The Melbourne Museum is founded

The museum had its earliest beginnings in the Government Assay Office which on 9 March 1854, opened some displays in La Trobe Street.

1857 –Queen Victoria Market is founded

The Queen Victoria Market is a major landmark in Melbourne, Australia, and at

around 17 acres is the largest open air market in the Southern Hemisphere. The Market is significant to Melbourne's culture and heritage

1859 – Construction of the General Post Office begins

Melbourne General Post Office (also known as Melbourne GPO) is located on the corner of Elizabeth and Bourke Street in Melbourne and is currently listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. The former purpose built post office building currently functions as a shopping mall, having been redeveloped by adaptive reuse in 2004.

1859 – First Melbourne Trades Hall building opened

The original Trades Hall was opened in May 1859 after being built by workers as an organising place for the labour movement in Melbourne. The workers financed the construction of the building themselves.

1861 – National Gallery of Victoria is founded

The National Gallery of Victoria, popularly known as the NGV, is an art museum in Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1861, it is the oldest public art museum in Australia. in the wake of the Victorian Gold Rush, it was the richest colony in Australia, and Melbourne was the largest city in Australia. In addition to donations of works of art, donated funds from wealthy citizens have been used by the NGV to purchase Australian and international works by both old and modern masters.

1862 – Melbourne Zoo is founded

The Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens, commonly known as the Melbourne Zoo, contains more than 320 animal species from Australia and around the world.

Melbourne Zoo is Australia's oldest zoo and was modeled on London Zoo. The zoo was opened on 6 October 1862 at the Royal Park site of 55-acre (22 ha) on land donated by the City of Melbourne. Before this, animals were housed at the botanical gardens in Melbourne. Initially the zoo was important for the acclimatisation of domestic animals recovering from their long trip to Australia.
-Royal Exhibition Building opened
The Royal Exhibition Building is a World Heritage Site-listed building in Melbourne, Australia, completed in 1880. It was built to host the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880–1881 and later hosted the opening of the first Parliament of Australia in 1901. Throughout the 20th century smaller sections and wings of the building were subject to demolition and fire; however, the main building, known as the Great Hall, survived.