The Dutch Revolt. 1566-1648

Sarah Wood, Sarah Hukill, Teanna Gonsalves

summary

Spain tried to impose Catholicism on the Netherlands, the majority of which were Protestant. Under the leadership of William of Orange, the Netherlands rebelled against Spain successfully. They eventually became the united provinces soon after the Spanish withdrew.


cause

Harsh taxation and oppression by the Spanish.


course

1566: Iconoclastic noting against Catholic Church.

1567: Alva dispatched 10,000 troops into the Netherlands.

1568: Failed attempt of uprising by William of Orange.

1572: Start of the Rebellion.

1576: Antwerp attacked by Spanish Mercenaries in a "Spanish Fury." This ends in the Pacification of Ghent. (White fighting Spanish)

1579: Union of Arras- Southern States of the Netherlands showed loyalty to the Spanish King Phillip II. Privileges before the Dutch Revolt reinstated. Catholicism is the only allowed religion.

1581: Act Of Abjuration- Formal declaration of independence for low countries.

1584: Maurice of Orange takes over leadership after William of Orange is assassinated.

1585: Treaty of Nonesuch- England support Dutch Rebellion.

1596: Triple Alliance- England, France, and Northern Provinces allied together against Spain.

1576-1609: Third revolt. Started in Brussels.

1606: Northern Provinces treated as independent.

1609: 12 year truce between South (Catholic) and North (Protestant) of Provinces.

1648: Spain recognized Provinces independence South remained loyal to Spain.

key figures/groups

William of Orange: Leader of the Dutch Revolt.

King Philip II of Spain: Attempted to spread Catholicism.

King Charles V: Inherited throne after father Philip the handsome.

Archduke Albert of Austria: Nephew of Philip II became sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands.

Court Egmont: Powerful Noble in Low Countries.

Count Hoorn: Admiral of Dutch Navy.

Cardinal Granvelle: Minister installed Spanish inquisition.

The 7 Provinces: The ones under Spanish Rule.

Duke of Alva: Governor of Spanish Netherlands.

Maurice of Nassau: Son of William of Orange, led rebellion.

Requesens: Governor of Netherlands.

Louis of Nassau: Brother of William of Orange.

Don John of Austria: Son of Charles V.


outcome

*Dutch won independence from Spain.

*Became United Provinces.

*Gradually became powerful through trade.

main significance

Since the Provinces gained independence from Spain and became the United Provinces, they became one of the most powerful trading empires, eventually. They also grew to be forefront in science, agriculture, and trade.

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references

(October 15, 2013). Dutch Revolt, In Wikipedia. Retrieved 11.1.13, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/dutch_revolt


Emma (March 16, 2009). Key Events Timeline in Dutch Revolt. Retrieved 11.1.13, from http://ashistorydutchrevolt.blogspot.com/2009/04/key-events-timeline.html


ALAN (2011). In Yahoo. Retrieved 11.1.13, from http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20111113110236AA6HqUj