Prison and Mental Health Reforms
Savana Smith, Allison Rape, and Taylor Dillon
Dr. John Galt
The Prison Reform
A penal method of the 19th century in which prisoners worked during the day in groups and were kept in solitary confinement at night, with enforced silence at all times
Modern Day Prison Reform
Fifty Years of Prison Service outlined an ideal prison system: Prisoners should support themselves in prison though industry, in anticipation of supporting themselves outside prison; outside businesses and labor must not interfere; indeterminate sentences were required, making prisoners earn their release with constructive behavior, not just the passage of time; and education and a Christian culture should be imparted. Nevertheless, opposition to prison industries and labor increased. Finally, U.S. law prohibited the transport of prison-made goods across state lines. Most prison-made goods today are only for government use—but the state and federal governments are not required to meet their needs from prison industries. Although nearly every prison reformer in history believed prisoners should work usefully, and several prisons in the 1800s were profitable and self-supporting, most American prisoners today do not have productive jobs in prison
The Mental Health Care Reform
FUN FACTS :)
- When the Sing Sing Prison would run the electric chair the surrounding towns electricity would turn off
- 1 in 4 adults has a mental illness
- The United States spends $113 billion on mental health treatment a year
- The US prison population is more than 2.4 million
- 93% of people in prison are male; 7% are female
- Women who are pregnant in prison give birth there then they are required to give their child up for adoption or send to a relatives care
- "Prison and Asylum Reform." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.
- "Prisons and Asylums - Boundless Open Textbook." Boundless. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.
- Evans, Robert. "5 Things Movies Don't Tell You About Mental Institutions."Cracked.com. N.p., 19 Sept. 2014. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.
- Kliff, Sarah. "Seven Facts about America’s Mental Health-care System."Washington Post. The Washington Post, 12 Dec. 2012. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.