Austria

By: Grace Ryan

A Little About It

Austria is a German-speaking country, located in Central Europe. It is characterized by its beautiful baroque city architecture, mountain villages, imperial history, and alpine territory.
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Austria is a dominate mountainous region. It is located in the center of Europe. Glaciers, snowfields, snowcapped peaks can also be found in Austria. Grossglockner (12,530 ft; 3,819m) is the biggest snow peaked mountain in Austria, and the Danube river, is the primary river. It runs through Vienna, Linz, and Passau. It also runs through many other countries besides Austria. It is one of the biggest rivers in the world, and is not much smaller than the Volga River. In addition, the Alps run through Austria. Not only do the Alps run through most of Austria, but they run through France, Monaco, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, and Slovenia.


The major cities in Austria include, Vienna with a population of 1,691,468; Graz and Styria with a population of 222,326; Linz and Upper Austria with a population of 181,162; and Salzburg with a population of 150,269. Vienna is the capital of Austria, and was known for being very artistic. Many artist created beautiful things. However, these things weren't just art, they were music too. Beethoven, Mozart, and Sigmund Freud created beautiful pieces of music; Egon Schiele, and Gustav Klimt created historic and "of the day" buildings which showcased their talents, and Vienna's background and culture. That's why many people live there, because they love to see the history, culture, and the story Vienna has to tell.


The temperature varies in Austria. It is usually between 27 degrees fahrenheit, and 79 degrees fahrenheit. It is rarely below 15 degrees and above 88 degrees. The lowest there has ever been -4 degrees and the highest has been 95 degrees. Temperatures like this are very rare though. Additionally, the climate is temperate in Austria.

Government

Austria has a federal republic type government. This means, the government is divided between national and state powers. Heinz Fischer is the current president of Austria, and the law-making body is called the Austrian Federal Constitution. Austria also has a limited government, so the leaders don't have absolute control, and the people have a say.


Citizens have certain rights and responsibilities in Austria. Some responsibilities, are for citizens to have a clean personal record, meaning they have no criminal record, and when trying to get a job you must have business background information, and flawless references. Some rights are you can drink when you turn 16, and start driving when you turn 18. However, to drive, a valid driving license for your country as well as an International Driver's License are needed. But, if you don't have your "photo" license,and only the "paper" license, you must carry around your passport when driving.


The difference between our rights/responsibilities and austria's is the age of drinking, driving, personal record is not a requirement in the United States, but we encourage it, unlike how it is a requirement in Austria, etc.

Austria uses the euro as its currency as does most of Europe. One euro is equivalent to to 1.12 U.S dollars.


There are many products imported and exported in and out of Austria, including different types of machinery, equipments, motor vehicles, paper/paperboard, metal goods, iron, steel, textiles, and different food things.


The GDP per capita is $43,547.

Austria is the 11th wealthiest country in the world, so I would consider my country very wealthy. You can also tell this, because the GDP per capita is very high, standing at $43,537.

Austria is thought to be more of a German country, meaning the main ethnic group is German. It is also made up by official ethnic groups, including the Slovenes, Croats, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, and many more. In addition, other social groups include, Roma, Sinti (known commonly as Gypsies), Jews, and foreign workers.


Schooling for young children can start very early. Children can start kindergarten as young as 3, and stay until age 6; or go to pre-school until age 5. Also, babies and very young children can be taken care in "nursing homes," also known day cares. Regular schooling however, starts at age six, and goes until about age 15. The first four years are usually completed in primary schools. Next, at about age 10, children are allowed to attend either a junior high school, or secondary school. Then, from age 14-15 children can attend polytechnica schools, where they study, and prepare for apprenticeships. However, special schools are available for kids with special needs, or disabilities. For the first eight to nine years of schooling, these children can attend special pedagogical centers, and special needs schools. The nine years children from age 6-15 spend learning are mandatory, but children are allowed to attend more schools, or go to a college, to get a better education afterwards.


Rights to women are just now being recognized. Domestic violence has been occurring for awhile now, and citizens, and the government are just now recognizing it. The job of women was thought to be take care of the house, and children, but looks like that should really be rethought, and it is being rethought! Luckily, children's rights are better. Things are looking in a more favorable light for them!


Age 15 and older in Austria can read and write, and the total population literacy rate is 98%. Additionally, the life expectancy for citizens is 80.04 years.

German is the predominant language as is Christianity, the religion most people celebrate. In 2015, about 60.2 of the population was Catholic, and the other is different types of Christianity. It still is!
This image shows the Austrian flag, which was created in 1191 by Duke Leopold the V after the Battle of Ptolemais. Duke Leopold the V was drenched in blood, and only one strip of white stayed under his sword belt. He soon chose these colors for a flag.
Christmas is by far the most important holiday in Austria. On the 24th of December, the city is frantic with last-minute shoppers, but the countryside is nice and peacefull. The farmers write the initials of the 3 wise men, on the archway of their barn. This has been thought to protect their herd from sickness in the coming year. Christmas trees are lit, and the re-enacting of Mary and Joseph's journey, along with baby Jesus' birth occurs. However, in the snow-covered Alps, people descend from their homes in the mountains, to the valley below. Torches light up the dark sky, while the carolers song ring through the air. All the shops are closed, because this is an evening to be spent with the family. After church services, families return home for celebration. During Christmas eve dinner, fried carp is served as the main course, followed by chocolate and apricot cake, and Austrian Christmas cookies for dessert. Once the meal is finished, the ringing of bells signals the first look at the colorful lights, and gold and silver ornaments, cookies, and candies for the children. The father then opens the bible and reads to them, and common carols are sung. After this, the presents are handed out. There is no Santa Claus in Austria, and children are taught that instead, there is a little golden-haired baby with wings, who symbolizes the newborn Christ.
Austrian women wear things like Austrian dresses or lederhosen. The men wear the lederhosen too. In addition, hats, blouses, and aprons are worn.
Fried corp is something all Austrian's like to eat on Christmas. Not only is it popular, but it is very good. To make fried corp, you need,

-two 3-pound chickens

-all-purpose flour with salt and pepper for dredging the chicken

-3 large eggs, beaten lightly

-2 cups stale fine bread crumbs

-vegetable oil for deep-frying

-fresh thyme branches for garnish, and

-tomato chutney as an addition.

This graph shows the different types of religions celebrated in Austria. It is all categorized under Christianity, and the most dominant religion is Roman Catholic, also known as Catholic.
This graph shows the different ethnic groups in Austria. When looking at the graph, you will notice that "other" is the biggest ethnic group. There is also many different ethnic groups. For a small country, it has a lot of ethnic groups!
This graph shows the population density in Austria. By looking at the graph, you will notice that there is more people in Vienna, which is the capital of Austria, than anywhere else. Most people gather here not only because it is the capital, but because of its history and culture. In addition, you will see that there is a large number of people in Salzburg, Linz, Graz, and Innsbruck, but nearly not as many as in Vienna.
Austria's National Anthem

Listen to Austria's Beautiful National Anthem Here!

Websites Used to Find Information:

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https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fimg.delicious.com.au%2F-p3OQ2_3%2Fdel%2F2015%2F10%2Fdeep-fried-taleggio-with-tomato-salad-10336-1.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.delicious.com.au%2Frecipes%2Fdeep-fried-taleggio-tomato-salad%2F3d320841-0797-4a11-81ed-8f1c2953213f&docid=Y72Mi34PNuKm2M&tbnid=ngnB1ACQNRFrXM%3A&w=3000&h=2000&ved=0ahUKEwiMzsuC0ebKAhUUwWMKHeHRBjcQMwhEKCEwIQ&iact=c&ictx=1