What will Canada look like in 2060?
Natural Increase Rate
Immigration to Canada
Push and Pull Factors
In 2060, I predict that push factors will be:
- There will be higher taxes, as baby boomers will die and Canada will need to retrieve the lost money for what they provided for medical care and retirement facilities.
- Canada's climate may not be suitable for many citizens, therefore many will immigrate.
- Canada has a stable government system, and is also democratic.
In 2060, I predict that pull factors will be:
- Canada will be economically stable for immigrants, as it is an industrialized country.
- There will be more job opportunities available, as there is a decreasing birth rate, and baby boomers will die, thus economic immigration to Canada is promoted.
- Canada has a strong quality of education.
- Canada is extremely multicultural, therefore our country is appealing to many different types of immigrants.
- Canada has a free and reliable health care system.
Country of Origin
In 2060, my prediction is that the immigration settlements will slowly and progressively alter. Only recently has the Philippines been the top source for immigration to Canada. In the future, I believe that there will be less immigrants from the Philippines, as they begin to rebuild their status after suffering through numerous calamitous natural disasters. I believe that the main source of immigration to Canada will be from India and China, due to their rapidly increasing population. As we consider China and India as the world's most densely populated countries (with the population of one billion each), I predict that the population of India will increase, and China will slightly decrease, and thus, resulting in the many citizens immigrating to Canada.
Country of Origin: Immigrants from India
- Many citizens in India tend prefer males over females, so therefore they reproduce until a baby boy is born.
- A large amount of India's population live in poverty, so they have more children that can later support their families to be stable, leading to overpopulation.
- The quality of education is not as strong as Canada.
- Females are often discriminated and are not considered equal to males.
Thus, it is in my belief that most immigrants coming to Canada will be from India, due to the harsh living standards, inequality, and the extremely large population.
Country of Origin: Immigrants from China
- There is a high density, so jobs are very limited.
- Families cannot have more than one child under some circumstances (families can have a second child if the parents/parent is an only child, or if their firstborn is a girl).
- Discrimination against women is extremely evident in this country.
- There is a higher population of men than women, therefore it is hard to find a woman to marry, so therefore, many people immigrate.
- Since China is extremely developed, and there are many citizens in this country, the air is very polluted.
Due to the strict laws put into place in China, many of their citizens already immigrate to Canada. This is due to the one child policy, where families can only have one child. This has slowed China's population growth, but does not stop the high density in the country. Like India, I predict that many will immigrate to Canada from China because of inequality, an extremely high population, cleanliness, and to be free of the restrictions put into place.
Province of Settlement
This is due to:
- Ontario and Quebec are the most urbanized and industrialized provinces (have a strong economy and appeal to many immigrants)
- British Columbia is the gateway for countries in Asia, so it is much cheaper to immigrate here if the immigrant is from Asia.
- Alberta has a tax advantage (no sales tax) compared to the rest of Canada, so more immigrants will begin to settle in Alberta.
- Canada wants other provinces to have a stronger economy, so therefore are attracting immigrants by promoting job opportunities.
Population of First Nations
In the 1930s, the First Nations population was rapidly deteriorating due to residential schooling. The objective of residential schools was to assimilate Aboriginal children into the Canadian customs. Approximately 150, 000 First Nation, Inuit, and Métis children were kidnapped from their communities without consent and placed into residential schools. In an attempt to convert these Aboriginal children, many were abused and assaulted.
In my opinion, I believe that the First Nations' future will intensely change. Recently, the First Nation population soared as they began to have more children to revive their deteriorating population. Thus, there is a larger amount of younger First Nations as opposed to the older. In 2060, I predict that there will be a high population increase of First Nations, since children in the 0-14 age group are the largest age group of First Nations (making up 28% of their population). As a result, these First Nations will produce more children.
Obstacles of First Nations
These factors may include:
- Discrimination against the First Nations.
- Feeling out of place and self-conscious about their culture, as some have adapted to the Canadian culture.
- Not understanding how to accept themselves.
In 2060, I believe that these factors will affect the First Nations. I believe that Canadians will learn the hardships of the First Nations and will therefore evolve into a more respecting and accepting nation. Although, I think that the First Nations will feel out of place due to their culture, and will not understand how to accept themselves as they are. Thus, many First Nations will have to be resilient and defeat this obstacle.
Also, I think that the First Nations must also attempt to revive their culture in a stronger technique. . Even though the First Nation population is on the rise, about one-half of the First Nation youth are living in foster care. This means that the child is adapting to the Canadian culture, and therefore losing their own culture in the meantime.
Will residential schools hold a long term effect on Canada's First Nations population?
How will reserves change in the future? Will the conditions be improved?
First Nations Protesting
First Nations protesting for their rights.
Canada in 2060 by cindy nguyen
News, CTV. “Aboriginal population soaring, getting younger: survey” CTVnews. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/aboriginal-population-soaring-getting-younger-survey-1.1272166.
News, CBC. “Canada's seniors population to jump, workforce decline by 2063” CBCnews. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/canada-s-seniors-population-to-jump-workforce-decline-by-2063-1.2770359.
“Canada – Immigration Intake, 1860 to 2013” Immigration Watch Canada. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://www.immigrationwatchcanada.org/.
“Facts and Figures: Canadian Birth Rates” University of Ottawa. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://www.med.uottawa.ca/sim/data/Birth_Rates_e.htm.
News, CBC. “A history of residential schools in Canada” CBCnews. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/a-history-of-residential-schools-in-canada-1.702280.
Central Intelligence Agency. “Canada” World Factbook. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html.
Ratna Omidvar, Sandra Lopes. Policy Options. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://policyoptions.irpp.org/issues/policy-challenges-for-2020/canadas-future-success-closely-linked-to-a-successful-immigration-program/.
“2006 Census: Aboriginal Peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, 2006 Census: First Nations people” Statistics Canada. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/as-sa/97-558/p15-eng.cfm.
“Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit” Statistics Canada. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-011-x/99-011-x2011001-eng.cfm#a3.
“Immigration” Canadian Encyclopedia. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/immigration/.
“Facts and figures 2013 – Immigration overview: Permanent residents” Government of Canada. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/facts2013/permanent/10.asp.