Jamaica

Aliza Bernal World Geography 11/09/14

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Political Map

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Physical Map

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Why you should go?

Jamaica is the liveliest, most captivating and most compelling island in the English-speaking Caribbean – and among the most beautiful too. It has the beaches and the hotels, but Jamaica also has more depth, with culture in its history, art and of course its music. The Caribbean experience is stronger here – Jamaica takes familiar strains from around the Caribbean and amplifies them.

Religion

Religion of Jamaica

Jamaica's religion consists of 64% Christian, 62% Protestant, 2% Roman Catholic, 2% Jehovah's Witness, 3% unstated, and 10% other.

What do most of my people believe in?

Most of the community of Laredo, Texas believes in Catholicism (50.64%).

Language

What language do they speak?

English is the official language of Jamaica. However, Patois (Creole), a combination of English and some African languages, is spoken in rural areas and is used increasingly i urban areas. Most Jamaicans can speak or understand Patois, but it is not a written language.

How to say "Hello" in their language?

Yow.

What are the major ethnic groups?

About 97% of the population is of partial or total African descent. This population is comprised of blacks, mulattos, and black-East Indians or black-Chinese. Other ethnic groups include East Indians (1.3%), Chinese (0.2%), Europeans (0.2%), and other (0.6%).

Customs and Traditions

Holidays and Festivals

On August 6, there is the Independence celebration which is held at the Jamaican National stadium in Kingston. Costumed people celebrate with a parade through the street leading to the Jamaica national stadium.

On Christmas day, there is the Junkanoo celebration where custom men dress in "scary" costume and dance in the street.

Carnival is fairly new to Jamaica and is an export from the Eastern Caribbean. The celebration lasts for a week. There are street dances and parades with a grand finale at the end of the week at the Jamaican national stadium in Kingston. The processions feature colorful floats and people in costumes.

Dances and Music

The music of Jamaica includes Jamaican folk music and many popular genres, such as mento, ska, rocksteady, reggae, club music, dancehall, ska jazz, reggae fussion and related styles. Jamaica's music culture is a fusion of elements from the United States (rhythms and blues and soul), Africa, and neighboring Caribbean islands such as Trinidad and Tobago (calypso and soca). Reggae is especially popular through the international fame of Bob Marley. Jamaican music's influence on music styles in other countries includes the practice of toasting, which was brought to New York City and evolved into rapping. British genres as Lovers rock and jungle music are also influenced by Jamaican music.

Food

Jamaicans eat foods that are flavored with spices such as ginger, nutmeg, and allspice (pimento). Allspice, the dried berries of the pimento plant, is native to Jamaica and an important export crop. Many meals are accompanied by bammy , which is a toasted bread-like wafer made from cassava (or yucca, pronounced YOO-kah).

With the warm waters of the Caribbean Sea surrounding the island, seafood is plentiful in the Jamaican diet. Lobster, shrimp, and fish such as red snapper, tuna, mackerel, and jackfish are in abundance.

Economy

What do they do for a living?

Jamaica is one of the larger Caribbean Island and people live and work differently in various parts of the island. Some people work in the busy business areas, some work in the travel industry on the North and West coast of the island while others live in the countryside and are farmers.

Tourism is very important to Jamaica and many Jamaicans work in hotels, restaurants and shops that serve this industry. It is Jamaica's main industry.

Farming is common as many people buy their produce in the local markets in their town or district. Coffee farming and sugar cane are also main industries in Jamaica. Blue Mountain coffee is famous all over the world because of its great taste!

Holidays and Festivals

What do they celebrate? Why do they celebrate it? On what date?


August 1 is celebrated as a national holiday and this marks the date of the emancipation of blacks in 1838. This is the time when apprentices finally got their freedom after the two-year apprenticeship period ended. At first suspicious and skeptical, the apprentices were watchful, prayerful and quiet until they later realized that they were truly and finally free

On Monday, August 6, 1962, Jamaica ceased to be a colony and became a nation. Being a nation meant that Jamaica would be responsible for is own affairs. Jamaicans would travel on Jamaican passports under the protection of the Jamaican Government. The Jamaican people were finally given right and Jamaica would be responsible for its own defence and in making treaties with foreign or Commonwealth Governments
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