The scoop on strokes
By Sam Goldberg
What is a Stroke?
A stroke is a blockage in a blood vessel of the brain. That blockage can starve the brain of oxygen and cause irreparable damage. There are two types of strokes: hemorrhagic stroke is when a blood vessel on the brain's surface ruptures,an ischemic stroke is when a blood clot forms and blocks blood flow to part of the brain.
Symptoms of a stroke
One sign of a stroke is if the person cannot smile correctly or one part of the face is drooping. Another sign of a stroke is if the person cannot hold both arms parallel, and if they can't sqeeze as hard in one hand. The last sign of a stroke is if the person is unable to speak clearly and say simple sentences.
Care for an unconcious victim
First thing to do when someone has suffered a stroke that has rendered them unconsious is to call 9-1-1. Then assist the victim into a comfortable position to let fluids to drain from the mouth.
Care for a concious victim
The fist thing you should do when you know someone has sufferd a stroke is to call 9-1-1. Next, guide the victim to a comfortable position if possible, try to incline them to the unaffected side if possible. Lastly DO NOT give the victim anything to eat or drink.
One way to prevent a stroke is to notice a transient ischemic attack (TIA) that has symptoms similar to a stroke. Knowing the symptoms of stroke can lead to earlier treatment and better recovery.
Much of stroke prevention is based on living a healthy lifestyle. This includes:
knowing and controlling blood pressure,finding out if you have atrial fibrillation, not smoking,and lowering cholesterol, sodium, and fat intake.