The scoop on strokes

By Sam Goldberg

What is a Stroke?

A stroke is a blockage in a blood vessel of the brain. That blockage can starve the brain of oxygen and cause irreparable damage. There are two types of strokes: hemorrhagic stroke is when a blood vessel on the brain's surface ruptures,an ischemic stroke is when a blood clot forms and blocks blood flow to part of the brain.

Symptoms of a stroke

One sign of a stroke is if the person cannot smile correctly or one part of the face is drooping. Another sign of a stroke is if the person cannot hold both arms parallel, and if they can't sqeeze as hard in one hand. The last sign of a stroke is if the person is unable to speak clearly and say simple sentences.

Care for an unconcious victim

First thing to do when someone has suffered a stroke that has rendered them unconsious is to call 9-1-1. Then assist the victim into a comfortable position to let fluids to drain from the mouth.

Care for a concious victim

The fist thing you should do when you know someone has sufferd a stroke is to call 9-1-1. Next, guide the victim to a comfortable position if possible, try to incline them to the unaffected side if possible. Lastly DO NOT give the victim anything to eat or drink.

Stroke prevention

One way to prevent a stroke is to notice a transient ischemic attack (TIA) that has symptoms similar to a stroke. Knowing the symptoms of stroke can lead to earlier treatment and better recovery.
Much of stroke prevention is based on living a healthy lifestyle. This includes:

knowing and controlling blood pressure,finding out if you have atrial fibrillation, not smoking,and lowering cholesterol, sodium, and fat intake.