Erik Homburger Erikson
Erik Homburger Erikson born on 15 June 1902 died on May 12 1994 Born in frankfurt Germany! Erik Erikson's lifelong interest in the psychology of identity may be traced to his birth. He was born on June 15, 1902.his childhood and early adulthood he was known as Erik Homberger, and his parents kept the details of his birth a secret. He was a tall, blond, blue-eyed boy who was raised in the Jewish religion.he was adopted by his step father !In 1936, Erikson joined the staff at Harvard, where he worked at the Institute of Human Relations and taught at the Medical School. After spending a year observing children on a Sioux reservation in South Dakota, he moved to the University Of California at Berkeley there he affiliated with the Institute of Child Welfare and opened a private practice as well. While in California, Erikson also studied children of the Yuroke Native American tribe. In 1950, after publishing the book, Childhood for which he is best known, Erikson left the University of California when professors there were asked to sign loyalty oaths!
The 8 stages
Infancy -18 months children develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliabilty, care, and affection. A lack of this will lead to mistrust.Early Childhood 2-3 years old Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure results in feelings of shame and doubt Pre-school 3-5 years of age Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt school age 6 to 11 Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiorityyoung adult 12-18Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Success leads to an ability to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to role confusion and a weak sense of self.young adulthood 19-40 Young adults need to form intimate, loving relationships with other people. Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness and isolationmiddle adult 40-65 Adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often by having children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Success leads to feelings of usefulness and accomplishment, while failure results in shallow involvement in the worldmatuarity 65- to death Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment. Success at this stage leads to feelings of wisdom, while failure results in regret, bitterness, and despair.)