Traveling Back in Time......

to the Permian Period

The Permian Period

The Permian is a geological period from 286-246 million years ago. The Permian witnessed the diversification of the early amniotes into the ancestral groups of the mammals, turtles, lepidosaurs andarchosaurs. The Permian ended with the largest mass extinction in Earth's history. Almost 90% of marine species and 70% of terrestrial species died.

Pangea Forms

About 300 million years ago, Earth didn't have seven continents only one large supercontinent called Pangaea. The break up of Earth's supercontinents quickly changed the planet's history.

Permian Climate

At the start of the Permian, the Earth was still in the Ice Age. When the glaciers went away the climate warmed up and dried the continents interior.

Marine Life

Little is known about the Panthalassic Ocean, as there is little exposed fossil evidence available. Fossils that were found in the shallow waters showed that the reefs were large and diverse.


On land, the giant forest began to dry out.


Arthropods continued to diversify during the Permian Period. True bugs evolved during the Permian. Other new groups included the cicadas and beetles

Land Animals

There were two main groups of animals that dominated the Permian landscape, the Synapsids and the Sauropsids. Synapsids had skulls with a single temporal opening. The Sauropsids had two skull openings and were the ancestors of the reptiles, like dinosaurs and birds.

Permian Enviornment

Because there were various large landmasses that made the supercontinent of Pangea, it led to global warming and the development of dry to arid climates during Permian times.


  • The Dimetrodon
  • Dicynodon
  • Conifer
  • Glaciers

What to Pack....

  • Clothes
  • Foods
  • First Aide Kit
  • Backpack
  • Rope
  • Weapons for safety
  • Water

Potential Hazards

  • Dimetrodon
  • Dicynodon