Female Reproductive System

Created by Jennifer Smith-Herter

Function of System


-release of an egg from the ovary

Major Organs of System

Cervix: lower narrow section of uterus

-prevents things from entering and/or leaving when fetus is formed

Fallopian Tubes: ducts for ovaries-not attached to them

-egg travels through them and is fertilized there

Mammary Glands: breasts

-external sexual stimulus; produces nutrients for offspring

Ova: female sex cells (eggs)

-become fertilized; form offspring

Ovarian Follicle: pockets in ovaries

-contain developing oocytes

Ovaries: either of paired female gonads

-produce ova

Uterus: hollow, muscular organ

-fertilized egg implants and grows

Vagina: internal tube from the uterus to the vulva

-birthing canal

Vulva: external genitals of the female

-protects inner parts; sexually lubricates


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Ovarian Follicle

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Uterus, Vagina, Cervix, and Fallopian Tubes

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Mammary Glands

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Hormonal Imbalance

High Levels of Estrogen

Most Common In Women Over 35...

  • Many women ignore the issue
  • Others might think they are too low on estrogen
  • Some even engage in hormone therapy
Symptoms May Include...

  • PMS
  • Migraines
  • Mood Swings
  • Cramps
  • Depression
  • Weight Gain
Most Women Are Given A Supplement Like A Vitamin To Solve The Issue

Low Progesterone

Common Causes...

  • Estrogen Levels High
  • Progesterone Levels Decrease
  • Continued Cycle
Common Symptoms...

  • Tender Breasts
  • Depression
  • Hair Loss
  • Dry Skin
  • Insomnia
  • Heavy Periods
  • Weight Gain
  • Vaginal Dryness
  • Infertility
Exercise And Balanced Diet Are Essential

  • Doctors may walk you through how to keep up with these things as a quick fix
  • Also may prescribe some sort of medication



  • A women has not started menstruating by the age of 16
  • Due to genetic and reproductive organ problems
Common Symptoms...

  • Low body weight
  • Low percentage of fat
  • Low fat/calorie intake
  • Emotional stress
  • Other medical situations of illnesses
Ways To Treat...

  • Change in lifestyle
  • Reducing stress
  • Medication
  • Surgery to correct abnormalities

"Brest Cancer Drug Fights A Cause Of Infertility?" By Steven Rienberg July 9th, 2014

  • New study shows that breast cancer drug help pregnancies better than preferred medications
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrom causes higher than normal male hormones in the female
  • Doctors currently prescribe Clomid to boost fertility for women who have Polycystic Syndrom
  • Study suggests Femara results in better ovulation which ups the birth rates
  • It works by blocking the production of estrogen which tricks the body into producing more hormones
  • 28% of the women produce children after only five cycles
  • Compared to the 19% that took Clomid
  • The over all percentage was 68% Femara vs. 48% Clomid