Steps Involved in Fabric Production


Weaving is the process of interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles on a loom

  • Plain weave- Simplest weave, Weft yarn is passed over then under each warp yarn. Ex: Basket weave
  • Twill weave- weft yarn is passed over, under one, two, or three wrap yarns. Beginning one warp back on each new row. Very durable. Ex: denim
  • Satin weave- produces a smooth, shiny-surfaced fabric. Passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns. Ex: Satin
  • Other Weaves- Pile (corduroy, velvet), Dobby (dotted swiss, pique), Jacquard (brocade, damask), and Leno (fabrics with an open, lacy appearance)

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Constructing fabric by looping yarns

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Other ways to construct fabric

Fabric Finishing

Applying colors, designs, or surface treatments that change the look, feel, or performance of fabrics.

  • Bleaching- Chemical process that remove color, impurities, or spots from fiber.
  • Dyeing-A method of giving color to a fiber, yarn, fabric, or garment.
  • Printing- The process of adding color, pattern, or design to the surface of fabrics

Mechanical - finishes that are applied mechanically. Affect size and appearance. Ex: glazing, embossing brushing/napping/cutting

Chemical- finishes that become part of the fabric through chemical reactions. Affect performance. Ex: flame retardant, stain resistant, waterproof, etc.