FDR during WWII
The President's Leadership During World War II
WWII on the Home Front
President Roosevelt had worked on mobilizing the economy before the war had even begun. After Pearl Harbor, the country was immediately ready to expand the war production. In May 1940, FDR declared a national emergency after Germany swept into France. Americans were supportive of the extreme tactics to build up defenses after seeing what the Germans were capable of in France. In order for the production of war goods to go even faster, the government signed "cost-plus" contracts. These contracts assured helpful companies that the more goods they made in a short amount of time, the more profit they earn. This system convinced many companies to convert to war production. Automobile companies were now responsible for the production of tanks and military equipment including bombers. Citizens could also make money off the war by buying bonds. These bonds loaned money to the government with promise of reimbursement and interest payed back at a later date. Another change that occurred after Germany invaded France was the approval of the draft by Congress. Americans wanted to fight, and those who didn't were willing to help any way they could. A big way that American citizens helped the war was by rationing. By shorting the excessive amount of food and goods in the house, more supplies could go toward the war efforts. Citizens found ways to support themselves without rationing by planting victory gardens and donating materials to scrap drives for extra ration coupons.