Concussion

Becca Triplett

Definition

Temporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head or temporary incapacity
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Symptoms

  • headache
  • confusion
  • lack of coordination
  • memory loss
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • dizziness
  • ringing in the ears
  • sleepiness&excessive fatigue

Stats

Field Treatment

  • Take athlete out of play

Prevention

Wearing protective gear during sports and other recreational activities

Buckling your seat belt

Making your home safe.

Exercising regularly

Hospital treatment

  • apply a cold compress to the injury to reduce swelling – a bag of frozen vegetables wrapped in a towel could be used, but never place ice directly on the skin as it's too cold; apply the compress every two to four hours and leave it in place for 20 to 30 minutes
  • take paracetamol to control pain – do not use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) painkillers such as ibuprofen or aspirin as these can sometimes cause bleeding at the site of the injury
  • get plenty of rest and avoid stressful situations where possible
  • avoid drinking any alcohol or taking recreational drugs
  • only return to work, college or school when you feel you have completely recovered
  • only drive a car or ride a bike when you feel you have completely recovered
  • do not play any contact sports for at least three weeks without seeing your GP first – this includes sports such as football and rugby
  • make sure you have someone to stay with you for the first 48 hours after the injury

Cause

Caused by a blow to the head