Cleft Palate

By: Te'a Jackson

What is Cleft Palate?

  • Also known as palatoschisis
  • Can be treated with surgery
  • They are types of abnormal developments of the face during pregnancy
  • Two parts of the skull which form the hard palate are not fused together; the soft palate also has a gap (cleft)
  • More common in Caucasian and Asian babies, compared to babies of African descent.
  • Cleft palate is more common in females, while the combination cleft lip and palate is more common in males
  • Half of all children born with such defects have the combination cleft lip and palate, while the rest are evenly divided between just cleft lip and just cleft palate.

Causes

  • Tissue in babies face don't form properly.
  • Interaction of genetic and enviromental factors.
  • More likely to happen to women who smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol, or take certain medications while pregnant.
  • Either the mother or the father can pass on genes that cause clefting, either as an isolated defect or as part of a syndrome that includes clefting as one of the signs.
  • In some cases, babies inherit a gene that makes them more likely to develop a cleft, and then an environmental trigger actually causes the cleft.

Complications

  • Makes sucking difficult
  • Milk may come out of the babies nose while eating
  • Causes gagging
  • Dental problems occur
  • Speech Difficulties
  • Middle ear infections common
  • Children may face social, emotional, and behavioral problems