The Age of Napoleon

11.3

The Legal System

The legal system was not equal to everyone. The punishment depended on your class. Napoleon changed the legal system. He made everyone equal in the eyes of law. This agreed with the French Revolution because it was a step towards everyone being equal. This continued on after he was no longer emperor because the legal system stayed this way. His Civil Code is what made everyone equal in the eyes of the law.


The Educational System

The educational system originally more focused on private study. Education had relatively religious focus before revolution. University of Paris was established before revolution. The French Revolution may not have seemed like it, but it did have a large concern with education. One major change with the revolution and the educational system would be the revolution’s attempt to remove religion from education. This followed the trend of the eradication of the church that the revolution was attempting to carry out. Once Napoleon had set out to make France the greatest country in Europe, he had set education as a high priority. Napoleon believed that girls should receive an education, but they should not be expected to have the same level of education that boys had and this was shown when Napoleon had allowed religious schools to return with the Concordat, which had given girls more education than before. Napoleon also believed that boys should be taught how to properly use arms in school, and he had plans to set up an all new system of grades that he wanted the schools to follow. Napoleon’s changes to education were clear, he had wanted to create elite individuals capable of running the country with superior intelligence and education. While education is sometimes overlooked as a part of the Revolution that was not as important, the changes made to it were more influential than it may seem.


The Government

The government before Napoleon was a monarchy. Louis XVI was the king before the French Revolution. Napoleon made promises of becoming a ruler who will listen to the people, but instead he lied and made himself the complete ruler. He made himself an emperor. His ideas were not in line with the French Revolution because the people wanted to rule themselves but instead he betrayed them and made himself a complete ruler. His changes died after he was kicked out of his rulings. Napoleon brought religion back knowing the importance of Christianity in France. In 1801 Napoleon made a deal with the pope. Napoleon gained many supporters because the nobles that got the religious land when they tried to dechristianize France.

The Financial System

The financial before Napoleon was horrible. They were in major poverty with King Louis XVI and spent most of their finances on lavish parties and Marie Antoinette’s hair. Napoleon made a lot of reforms that made them richer and more stable as a country although they were at war almost all the time. The reason why he stayed in power for so long is because he went to war so much to try to create peace in the nation. The only idea of Napoleon's that went along with the French revolution was the Napoleonic code. The ideas that went against the French revolution was peace with the church, women’s rights, and positions in the French government. Yes, Napoleon had a lasting impact with the financial system.

Concordat of 1801

France declared that Catholics were legal and reestablished things like their calendar but didn’t compromise their secularism and didn’t insult the protestants. The Papacy gave up claims to land and the clergy on French land had to pledge allegiance. The French nominated the clergy members in their land. They could practice in public but the Mayor could consider it a disturbance. The worshippers had to be within accordance to local laws.