Mexican Revolution of 1821
By: Gianna Abboud and Emily Zimmerman
- Constitution Day - February 5
- Revolution Day - November 20
Who was involved?
Mexican president Porfirio Díaz is best known for establishing a strong centralized state during his term. Considered a dictator by some, Díaz is a controversial figure in Mexican history. Historians claim that he suppressed the media and controlled the court system, managing to keep his people in a constant state of uncertainty while controlling all aspects of the government from his seat.
Francisco Madero was a reformist politician who successfully removed dictator Porfirio Diaz from office in Mexico. He became president in 1911, but was assassinated two years later.
Victoriano Huerta was dictatorial president of Mexico, whose regime united disparate revolutionary forces in common opposition to him.
Venustiano Carranza was a revolutionary during Mexico's civil war and became the Mexican Republic's first president in 1917
Pancho Villa was a top military leader of the Mexican Revolution whose exploits were regularly filmed by a Hollywood company.
Emiliano Zapata was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution (1910–1920), during which he formed and commanded the Liberation Army of the South, an important revolutionary brigade. Followers of Zapata were known as Zapatistas
Agustín de Iturbide
He started out as a captain in the Spanish colonial army in Mexico.
In 1821, he supported Agustín de Iturbide in the War for Mexican Independence, and helped kicking the Spanish out of the country.
Agustín de Iturbide then decided to be Emperor of Mexico, as Agustin I. Antonio López de Santa Anna turned against Iturbide and supported Iturbide's downfall in 1823.
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna became president of Mexico in 1833
- Coahuila has the blue border
- Morelos has the yellow border
- Chihuahua has the lime green border
-Many women traveled with the revolutionary armies and helped out with the routine work in the camp
One Cause of the Revolution:
Knowing Díaz, this could have been a trick to detect and filter out his opponents. But it was equally scary if he was indeed speaking the truth. How come?
Because Díaz had such a tight grip on all governmental affairs and nobody else had been trained up to rule the country.
Second Cause of the Revolution:
The second were the Plantations Owners. The industrial revolution brought about newer and better milling machines. Hence, sugar, rum, and rice plantations grew in size and importance until the plantation owners owned pretty much every bit of land that had been up for sale. The hacienderos still wanted more but couldn't get the peasants to sell their land because it was their livelihood. So the hacienda owners started to trick, pressure, bribe, and blackmail the peasants off their lands.