Mexican Revolution of 1821

By: Gianna Abboud and Emily Zimmerman


September 16, 1810 - September 27, 1821

(11 years, 1 week, 4 days)


Fun Fact: Two of the 7 annual public holidays in Mexico today stem from the Mexican Revolution-

  • Constitution Day - February 5
  • Revolution Day - November 20

Who was involved?

Agustín de Iturbide

He started out as a captain in the Spanish colonial army in Mexico.

In 1821, he supported Agustín de Iturbide in the War for Mexican Independence, and helped kicking the Spanish out of the country.

Agustín de Iturbide then decided to be Emperor of Mexico, as Agustin I. Antonio López de Santa Anna turned against Iturbide and supported Iturbide's downfall in 1823.

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna became president of Mexico in 1833

Connection to French Revolution: Antonio López de Santa Anna was the self-styled Napoleon of the West

Alvaro Obregon

Alvaro Obregon was a soldier, statesman, and reformer who, as president, restored order to Mexico after a decade of political upheavals and civil war that followed the revolution of 1910
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revolutionary forces:

  • Coahuila has the blue border
  • Morelos has the yellow border
  • Chihuahua has the lime green border
Fun Fact:

-Many women traveled with the revolutionary armies and helped out with the routine work in the camp

One Cause of the Revolution:

One was the dictator Porfirio Diaz. After having been president for 20 years, Porfirio Díaz told an American journalist that he was looking forward to retire and that he would welcome to see an opposition party emerge. This was the Creelman Interview and stirred the entire nation. There were two options: Either Díaz spoke the truth or not.

Knowing Díaz, this could have been a trick to detect and filter out his opponents. But it was equally scary if he was indeed speaking the truth. How come?

Because Díaz had such a tight grip on all governmental affairs and nobody else had been trained up to rule the country.

Second Cause of the Revolution:

The second were the Plantations Owners. The industrial revolution brought about newer and better milling machines. Hence, sugar, rum, and rice plantations grew in size and importance until the plantation owners owned pretty much every bit of land that had been up for sale. The hacienderos still wanted more but couldn't get the peasants to sell their land because it was their livelihood. So the hacienda owners started to trick, pressure, bribe, and blackmail the peasants off their lands.

Fun Fact: There were over one million causalities although some say it could've been two million

What events led to their independence? How did this country achieve independence?

The people of Mexico were inspired by the Age of Enlightenment and all of the revolutions occurring at the time to stand up to their ruler: Spain. Through a bloody revolution they were able to finally gain independence.