States of Matter

By Maxwell Newsom

Solids

Definition

A Solid is the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape and a definite volume.

Details

-Changing the container doesn't change the shape or volume of a solid.

-Solids have low kinetic energy because the small amount of room they have to move.

-Solids molecules are pack closely together.

Examples

-Gold

-Wood

-Ice

-Plastic

Liquids

Definition

-is the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume but not a definite shape.

Details

-Liquids take the shape of their container .

-Liquids have a medium amounts kinetic energy.

-Liquids move freely but are still some what close together.

Examples

-Water

-Oil

-alcohol

Gas

Definition

-is the state of matter in which a material has neither a def-

inite shape nor a definite volume.

Details

-Gas has high amounts of kinetic energy.

-Gas molecules do not interact with each other unless they collide.

-Most Gases can not be seen by the human eye.

Examples

-O2

-Hydrogen

-Co2

Plasma

Definition

-An ionized gas consisting of positive ions and free electrons

Details

-Has no overall electric charge, typically at low pressures.

-Molecules have extreme amounts of energy.

-Plasma Is the most common phase of matter .

Examples

-Lightning

-Neon

-Stars

Bose-Einstien Condensate

Definition

-Group of atoms that act as though they are single particle.

Details

-Only exist when it is 0K.

-Einstein predicted this state of matter in the 1920s.

-This prediction was proven 75 years after it was made.

Examples

-superfluids

-Superconductors