Well - Being

Nurturing Healthy Development and Well-Being


Goal for children: All children are becoming aware of their self, well-being, and health.

Program expectation: Early childhood programs nurture children's healthy development and support their growing sense of self.*****

Physical Well-Being

The early years are crucial to establish healthy eating, physical activity and sleeping patterns. Lack of these aspects can lead to later health problems including obesity, diabetes, heart disease, depression and anxiety.

Self-Care and Self-Regulation

Self-care is a necessity to self-regulation; high-quality childcare promotes the necessary components to a child's development in order to have self-control and behave appropriately. Self-regulation refers to a child's ability to control his or her current and future emotions. This also includes a child's ability to understand others emotions and point of view. Children need a positive atmosphere with supporting adults around in order to be successful when over coming challenges and regulating stress.

Mental Health and Wellness

From early years children can develop mental health disorders that can carry on into adulthood. If these disorders are treated at a young age, they are less likely to appear as the child ages.

Factors that can affect mental health within children include; families, culture, community, and childcare environment (etc...). To prevent these factors from affecting mental health disorders the people involved in the child's life should consider maintaining healthy relationships. They can do this by "strengthening the capacities of the adults who care for the children, building skills such as coping with stressors, self-regulation, and the ability to solve problems, focus attention, and make decisions."

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Goals and Expectations

Ways in which children might demonstrate health and well being.

Goal for children: Every child is developing a sense of self, health, and well-being.

Children have a sense of self and health and well-being when they:

  • are physically active and confident in their growing abilities;
  • are increasingly aware of and able to make healthy choices to meet their basic needs (e.g., for food, sleep, physical activity, self-care);
  • experience a sense of competence, autonomy, and agency as they participate at their own pace throughout daily experiences and interactions;
  • are increasingly able to identify, monitor, and manage stress levels and engage in strategies for selfregulation (e.g., of emotions, attention, and behaviour);
  • are increasingly able to take initiative, tackle challenges with enthusiasm and persistence, and cope with and adapt to changes, frustrations, and the unexpected in everyday living;

Ways in which programs can foster health and well-being.

Program expectation: Early childhood programs nurture children’s healthy development and support their growing sense of self.

Educators can create contexts to support children’s health and well-being by:

  • providing healthy meals and snacks and establishing positive eating environments that are responsive to children’s cues of hunger and fullness;
  • incorporating opportunities and time to practise self-help and self-care skills based on each child’s capabilities throughout daily routines and activities;
  • providing regular daily opportunities (responsive to individual capabilities) for children to be physically active and explore the world around them with their bodies, minds, and senses;
  • limiting activities where children are sedentary for an extended period of time;
  • creating safe and stimulating outdoor spaces for intentional active play that is individualized and adapted as needed to support children’s varied abilities, offering challenges that are within each child’s ability to master;