Warfare In Vietnam
Vietnam War Summary
U.S rolling thunder air strikes
Helicopters were sent to aid the wounded
Casualties from Vietnamese guerrilla tactics
Operation Rolling Thunder?
At first in 1962 the U.S provided limited air operations to support South troops, destroy Viet Cong bases and clear out jungle areas. The U.S later, in 1964, expanded American air operations from limited air operation to limited bombing after reports of U.S warships being attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin. Finally Operation Rolling Thunder began on March 2nd, 1965, partly in response to a Veit Cong attack on a U.S air base in Pleiku. This operation was a series of planned out bombing runs over North Vietnamese bases and troops in hopes that the North would adopt South Vietnam's non-communist government, slow down North Vietnam's ability to produce and transport aid to Viet Cong soldier, and boost North Vietnamese morale while also lowering the North's morale. As time past the bombing runs slowly began to become more intense, frequent and gained more area to bomb but even with these increases in power the operation was a failure mainly because North Vietnam gained an advanced anti-air strike system using surface to air missiles from it's supporting allies, China and the Soviet Union, and shot down several hundreds of American planes during the campaign. Still, some historians debate whether Operation Rolling Thunder seriously crippled the North's war waging ability or was not effective enough because they could not bomb some important airfields, oil factories and bases due to air streak restrictions to avoid conflict with communist China.
North Vietnamese TET offensive
North Vietnam had claimed that they would have a seize fire for both sides of the war in honor of the TET lunar holiday, their goal was to have U.S and South Vietnamese troops lower their guard. The North planned and executed their plan in total secrecy for months using spies, deception and tunnels to transport troops and supplies all over South Vietnam. On the day of the attack over 80,000 North Vietnamese troops attacked U.S bases and Vietnamese cities all over South Vietnam. At first it seemed the TET offensive was going to work because U.S troops were not prepared at all but the North did not have one very important thing which was the support of the people. On that day, North Vietnamese massacred over 5,000 people including hundreds of nuns simply for being Catholic. Because of this North Vietnamese people did not support their brutality and so they did not gain any reinforcement. North troops were soon overrun by U.S and South troops; North Vietnam lost over 10,000 troops that day while the U.S only lost about 258 troops. North Vietnam's TET offensive went from being a genius military feat to a disaster.
Vietcong Guerrilla Warfare
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