Welcome To The New World

Come to the new world, you will not regret it. By Carson

Quick facts about popular settlements from the Southern, Middle and New England colonies.

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This map shows you which colonies make up the Southern, Middle and New England colonies.

introduction

Similarities of the colonies

There are many similarities of the colonies. First, all the colonies have good opportunities to trade within their own colony and the other colonies. All the colonies are rich in natural resources like fish, water, and wood. Many job opportunities are available like farming and trading. Other than that the colonies are pretty different. Each colony has an unique way of life. Read more to find the best colony for you!

Learn more about the colonies:

The New England/northern colonies.

The two northern/New England colonies are a lot alike. I know this because they both have thin rocky soil, cold climate, harsh winters, timber and a massive coastline. Many jobs are available, such as farming but most men choose to work as merchants or traders. Other jobs available are fisherman, hunters and church leaders. The natural resources are fish, wood, and whales. Since they have timber as a natural resource, they made ships, houses, farms, and meeting houses. The Northerners believed in having a meeting house government, and who ever had land and money got to vote.


Pilgrims at Plymouth

The first pilgrims came to "the new world" because they wanted to have more money and have religious freedom. They landed on a coastline, later known as Cape Cod, in 1620. Once they landed, the Pilgrims traveled on foot to Plymouth. At first, they suffered with disease and hunger. The Pilgrims made a deal with the local Indians. The Indians offered to share their food as long the Pilgrims would protect the Wampanoag Indians. After the pilgrims built their homes, they chose William Bradford as their leader.


Puritans at Boston

The Puritans went to Boston, Massachusetts in 1630. The reason why they formed a new town was so they could practice their religion freely. As the town grew and became established more people wanted to come to Boston. The Puritans made strict rules for everyone living in Boston. Every settler had to go to church or you would be kicked out of the town or get a public punishment.

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A map of the New England Colonies

THE MIDDLE COLONIES

The middle colonies were very tolerant of everyone. Any settler could live in New York or New Jersey. People of any religion could live in Pennsylvania. Conflicts between the native Americans and the settlers happened, so eventually the Pilgrims from the north took over the middle colonies.


New Amsterdam

The people of New Amsterdam came to the New Netherlands for a shortcut to Asia's riches. The first settlers were explorers trying to find a trade route to Asia. They landed on the coastline and built a town called New Amsterdam. The leader of New Netherlands was Peter Stuyvesant. Some of the settlers made money by farming, milling, trading or working on the docks. The natural resources in the area are wheat, iron, cattle, timber and fish, The land had rich soil with a warm climate making it an ideal climate for farming. Wheat and timber were important crops. Trade was also important and many settlers traded with other cities and the local Indians.

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This graph shows the temperatures in the middle colonies. The temperature is perfect for growing crops

THE SOUTHERN COLONIES.

Life in both towns in the southern colonies were very similar. The land was flat with rich soil making it great for farming. The temperate was the warmest climate allowing for long growing seasons. The jobs in the southern colonies were farming on large plantations and trading with other colonies. Plantations produced large amounts of tobacco, rice, and indigo. The surplus of tobacco was traded. The huge plantations needed workers for farming so the southern colonies used slaves to work the fields. They also believed that King James should rule the southern colonies. They welcomed Catholics.

Jamestown

In 1602, the people came to Jamestown, Virginia, since James I was interested in the colony, so they could choose their government and also because they had a money crop. First they couldn't drink the water because it was unsafe. Then they tried to make friends with the Powhatan. John Smith was the leader. He got hurt and had to go back to England. Then John Rolfe was chosen as leader. He married Pocahontas who was the chief's daughter which helped them make peace with the Indians.

Roanoke

In 1585, people landed in Virginia at Roanoke. The reason why they came was because Queen Elizabeth wanted a colony and England envied Spain's new colonies. Many colonists starved and they had a drought. Native Americans helped them but in 1586, they had to return to England. Later, they came back because England was at war.

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This is a sign that lets people know "Oh, there is a slave auction on the 24th."