What you need to know
How do organisations protect your data?
"Appropriate technical and organisational measures shall be taken against unauthorised or unlawful processing of personal data and against accidental loss or destruction of, or damage to, personal data."
Any organisation in which wants to profit requires a distinct level of trust with their costumers and to do so their data must be a top priority.
Organisations use a wide variety of methods to protect your data, seeing as how important it is they use things such as Firewalls and Encryption to ensure that any unauthorised access would not have a chance of accessing your data by essentially masking them in lines of code created by intricate algorithms strong enough to where your data cannot be accessed covertly.
Organisations are very wary with data, especially when there is a transfer of money between the customer and organisation. Secure Electronic Transactions, SET for short, are put into place when making purchases through an organisation. Hosts such as PayPal are responsible for a large majority of online transactions across the world and SET are in place so that your data, and money, is secure when making a transaction.
What threats are there to your data?
Cookies? You may ask,. Yes, cookies are beneficial to you, but more so to organisations and such. It allows organisations to covertly use your data for marketing purposes. This is less of a threat, but is more or less an invasion of privacy.
Worms, viruses and spyware
All three of these threats put you at risk through communication protocols, and require additional security on your behalf to protect your own data, as they all have the potential to covertly take your data and use it however they please.
Phishing and spam
Phishing is a threat to your data due to its sly nature, when people, or organisations impersonate another organisation they can and will take your personal data. There is a huge percentage of spam e-mails sent out daily, even hourly to thousands of e-mails to attempt to phish your data.