Trail of Tears

By: Madi Vaa


"No eastern tribe had struggled harder or more successfully to make

white civilization their own. For generations the Cherokee had lived side by side with whites in Georgia. They had devised a written language, published their own newspaper, adopted a constitution, and a Christian faith. But after gold was discovered on their land, even they were told they would have to start over again in the West." - A documentary by Ken Burns and Stephen Ives


Sequence of important events - your topic broken down into at least 5 different events 1) 1738, The Cherokee signed the first Treaty of Tellico, affirming boundaries between the Cherokee Nation and the United States

2) May 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act

3) March 1832, In case of Worcester v. Georgia, Chief Justice John Marshall of the Supreme Court ruled the Cherokee Nation have the right to their land

4) July 1838, Over 13,000 Cherokees imprisoned in military stockades awaiting break in drought. Approximately 1500 die in confinement

5) March 1839, Last group headed by Ross, reaches Oklahoma. More than 3000 Cherokee die on the Trail of Tears, 1600 in stockades and about the same number en rout. 800 more die in 1839 in Oklahoma.

Trail of Tears, General Description

A long time ago in the 19th century, 125,000 Natives Americans had millions of acres in land. The United states felt threatened and jealous of England and Spain, because they had that land. They had control of Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida, it was the land that their ancestors lived on. So it was precious soil for the families.

Different groups of Native Americans

20,000 Cherokee were forced to walk westward along the trail, about a 1/4 of the them died. The Cherokee