Desertification

Saharan, Africa

What is the problem?

Farmers are overgrazing and growing the wrong plants which is causing soil degration which is making the Saharan Desert bigger. Overgrazing is an issue because the ground is becoming unnusable for growing plants so then it pretty much becomes desert by then. You might be wondering "Why is this an issue?" Well, people and animals are dying because there is no food because there is less space to grow crops and get food.

People dying

"If they cannot plant crops, they cannot survive" People's lives are definitely more important than saving money. People dying isn't good even if it causes all of these billionaires a couple million dollars.

Poverty

"The people who live in the Sahel are among the poorest on earth." If they had money to do research on the right plants and where to plant them then they probably wouldn't be in this situation. Raising money is key for this issue because then people would stop dying. If they can't farm and they can't buy food then people are going to continue to die until someone does something about this issue.

Animals dying

"Animals had nothing to eat and died" If they had money to do research to prevent desertification then all of these deaths wouldn't be happening. For example, due to desertification animals and humans are dying because there is nowhere to grow crops.

Nouakchott Green Belt Program.

The Support for Rehabilitation and Extension of the Nouakchott Green Belt Project was initiated by His Royal Highness, Prince Laurent of Belgium, financed by a $1.6 million grant from the Walloon Region of Belgium.It ran for nine years and finished in 2009. It was implemented by FAO in close collaboration with the Government of Mauritania. The project has worked so well that it is now being replicated in other parts of Mauritania." This shows that by doing research for the right plants and sustaining the land, it makes an impact. So big of an impact that they are replicating this in other communities.

The Great Green Wall

"Lessons will be also drawn up for the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel, an initiative being carried out under the auspices of the African Union Commission and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD). The Great Green Wall initiative aims to address the impacts of aridity, low land productivity, desertification and climate change as well as to secure sustainable livelihoods in the Sahara and Sahel drylands. It will include sustainable management and restoration of degraded forest lands, dune fixation, and management of oases and grazing land across several countries of the Sahara and Sahel, from the Atlantic coast to the Indian Ocean.FAO, in collaboration with the African Union Commission, has just launched a $460 000 project to kick-start the Great Green Wall project in five selected countries - Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Mali and the Niger. The European Union is also providing 1.4 million euros to implement the initiative in eight other countries." This shows that countries and associations are willing to help out and donate money for the cause but all they have to do is ask. It's also not like they'd be the only people doing this because as you can see other associations are trying to help out with cause. Even if other associations are doing this, another association wouldn't kill the purpose, in fact, the more help, the better.

What can we they do about this?

They could make send a letter to either a charity or an enviromental activist group in order to raise money. With this money they could do research on the right crops to grow in order to preserve land. This solution solves my problem because people are dying because of the lack of farming which means lack of food.

Works Cited

FAO PROJECT IN MAURITANIA IS TEXT BOOK CASE ON HALTING DESERTIFICATION IN AFRICA. (2010, Jun 18). US Fed News Service, Including US State News Retrieved from <http://search.proquest.com/docview/503255472?accountid=1151>

Stewart, Robert. “Desertification in the Sahel.” Environmental Geoscience: Environmental Science in the 21st Century. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2015. <http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/environment-book/desertificationinsahel.html>.