Causes of the Industrial Revolution

In Great Britain... By Devlyn and Raheem


The Industrial Revolution is the name historians have given to the period in history when there was a large and rapid change in the way things were made. This meant that instead of things being hand made in small workshops, they were made more cheaply in large quantities by machines in factories. Between 1770 and 1850 the economy of England changed from mostly agricultural to mostly industrial


The landowners made more efficient crops which led to less starvation, less people dying, and more people. Britain had rich coal deposits, iron ore, and fast flowing rivers, which made it possible for factories to attain energy, trains to run, and for the industry to grow. Engineers began to make new transport systems that allowed cheaper, and easier ways for people to ship their goods and travel.


There was a booming economy so banks London produced about 70 banks.

The new invention of steam engines were made so that changed the way things were transported such as goods.

There was also a change of goods production because new machinery allowed for products to be made faster and more efficiently.

The mass productions of banks and production lead to migration of people that lived in rural areas.

This also lead to child labor and because they were children, they got payed very low wages so companies began raising more money by having child employees.


This is significant because this lead to women's rights by allowing women to work in factories. Great Britain had many inventions that we still use or a more updated form of them. Some of those inventions or innovations are canned food successfully made by Bryan Donkin, steam engine, watt engine made by James Watt, railroads designed by Robert Stephenson, and the spinning jenny, made by James Hargreaves.