Cultural Wars and the Supreme Court

Number 1.

United States vs. Raines

Fifteenth Amendment, Civil Rights Act

362 U.S 17(1960) was a United States Supreme Court desicion relating to civil rights. The Court overturned the ruling of a U.S. district Court, which had held that a law authorizing the Federal Government to bring civil actions against State officials for discriminating against black citizens was unconstitutional.

Boynton vs. Virginia

364 U.S. 454 (1960) was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States. The case overturned a judgement convicting an African American law student for trespassing by being in a restaurant in a bus terminal which was "whites only". It's significance is that it's outlawing of racial segregation in public transportation led directly to a movement called the Freedom Riders in which Afrcian Americans and whites together rode various forms of public transports in the South to change laws that enforced segregation.

Griswold vs. Connecticut

381 U.S. 479(1965) is a landmark case in which the Supreme Court of the U.S. ruled that the Constitution protected a right to privacy. By a vote of 7-2, the Supreme Court invalidated the law in the grounds that it violated the "right to marital privacy".

Loving vs. Virginia

388 U.S. (1967) was a landmark civil rights decision of the U.S. Supreme Court which invalidated laws prohibiting interracial marraige. The Supreme Court's decision held this prohibition was unconstitutional, reversing Pace vs. Alabama (1883) and ending all race -based legal restrictions in the U.S. The decision was followed by an increase in interracial marraiges in the U.S and is remembered annually on Loving Day, June 12.

Numbers 2. & 3.

United States v. Raines Fifteenth Amendment, Civil Rights Act

2) This case is likely to go vacant by the 2016 election because: Example of the opinion of the Court: (a) All citizens of the United States who are otherwise qualified by law to vote at any election by the people in any State, Territory, district, county, city, parish, township, school district, municipality, or other territorial subdivision, shall be entitled and allowed to vote at all such elections, without distinction of race, color, or previous condition of servitude; any constitution, law, custom, usage, or regulation of any State or Territory, or by or under its authority, to the contrary notwithstanding. Source : (

3) It might become vacant because so far, we've had our very first black President since the year 2009 and that is a huge step in the United States of America. Since our President is democratic, this definitely means progression and since America is filled with all kinds of races not just mainly Caucasians and African Americans anymore, no one is going to think about how they have a problem voting because of the colour of their skin and everyone in America can vote no matter what race they are but they do have to be a legal citizen of the U.S. This is what would probably change the direction of the Court but until can't be determined yet.

Boynton v. Virginia

2) & 3) This case is definitely ready to become vacant because segregation in this country is over. Most people don't care about it anymore, most dint even remember it. Some do...and some still very conservative about that. Thankfully, that doesn't make the people who DO want to move forward set themselves back at all. With the next generation coming one's going to even think about segregation or something like that because that was history and with the kind of schools we're in with all kinds of students of different races mixed together. It allows other prejudiced pope,e to see that there are rules and and laws that do need to be set and follows in order to have a functional and somewhat peaceful society. Not a society where all races need to be separated from each other because one feels more special than other and thinks that they are superior. Nothing works well like that and hopefully, that will be the direction the Court will push it towards.


My whole conclusion to this Culture War and the Supreme Court is basically how I've analyzed each case I picked out and researched about it. It has taken me further into American politics and how it's history back then was so difficult and violent it was back then and how much progress this country has made since. Getting rid of those two cases would be worth it in the next election because it's what going to make us look further into the future and not back into the bad history of things.