the classical literary language of India

What is Sanskrit?

Sanskrit (which means cultured or refined) is the classical language of Hinduism. Sanskrit is the oldest & most complex language in the world. The language is very ancient & used to be very common in India but is now only used in Hindu scriptures. The systematic & complex ways of this language can be shown by the fact that there are over 65 words used to say or describe earth and over 67 words for water. Sanskrit is also considered the mother of all languages. About 97% of the world is directly or indirectly influenced by Sanskrit & Hindus believe that it is the language of the gods.

Sanskrit influences People Everywhere

(a writing from the New Testament of the bible translated from Greek to Sanskrit this shows how people all over the world are influenced by Sanskrit)

Sanskrit & the Verdic People

During the first half of the second millennium (BC) the Verdic people come to the Indian Subcontinent. They came from the North West & settled by the Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization was a civilization by the Indus River of India. This small village/group of people was one of the first traces of civilization in the Indian Subcontinent. The Verdic peoples language was Sanskrit. Sanskrit later became the classic literary language of Hinduism which is the predominant language of India.

(Sanskrit numbers from 0-9 & their pronounciation)

How Sanskrit is Written

The Sanskrit language was originally intended for memorization. Most documents written in Sanskrit aren't written in lines. This is because they are written like they are pronounced. Sort of as one unformatted fluid stream of words sounds & syllables. This makes reciting Sanskrit sort of meditation-like and relaxing. However when Sanskrit is used for mathematical or scientific documents it is written in the form of charts lines & graphs.

Did You Know?

~Sanskrit is the best language used for computer programming

~there is a Sanskrit daily newspaper that has been produced since 1970 called the Sudharma


Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., Web, 2013. "Indian literature." Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. 23 Apr. 2013.

Lal, Vinyay. “Indus Valley Civilization.” Manas. 1998-2011.

“Sanskrit.” Hinduism Facts.

Plofker, Kim. “Spoken Text and Written Symbol: The Use of Layout and Notation in Sanskrit Scientific Manuscripts.” Penn Libraries. 2009.

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