Proficiency Levels Summary
Nick Ulecka, Gale Sawyer, Sarah Runion, Travis Miller
Pre-Emergent Building Background
- In order to assess the student's background knowledge of nocturnal or diurnal animals, the teacher should have the student draw pictures of animals that live near them.
- Ask the student how to say the animal names in their first language.
- The teacher can provide the beginning letter of each animal name, eventually working up to the full names of the animals.
- The teacher can use symbols to refer to certain animals or types of animals.
- The teacher should slowly pronounce each new vocabulary word to the student.
- Students should associate a picture with the word for the animal.
- If the pre-emergent student knows some words, use those words.
Pre-Emergent Comprehensible Input
- Teachers need to be able to make assignments as clear as possible.
- If possible, teachers can provide pictures related to or symbolizing the new vocabulary words or animals.
- If the student's first language is common, the teacher can provide animal flashcards that contain the word in their first language, along with the English translation.
- The teacher should try and use familiar vocabulary with clear pronunciation.
Arizona Department of Education. (2015). Finalized English Language Proficiency (ELP) Standards. Retrieved from http://www.azed.gov/english-language-learners/elps/
Center for Applied Linguistics. (2016). SIOP-Lesson plans and activities. Retrieved from http://www.cal.org/siop/lesson-plans/