Elizabeth I of England

(Queen of Great Britain; Good Queen Bess; The Virgin Queen)

Biography

  • born- September 7th, 1533
  • parents- Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
  • family name- Tudor
  • half sister- Mary Tudor (parents were Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon)
  • brother- Edward VI (parents were Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn)
  • was never married
  • reigned from 1558-1603 in England
  • died- March 24th, 1603

Her Approach to Governing

Elizabeth I was a diplomat. She wanted to create the best image possible for her country and become allies with different countries for trade purposes.
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Sir Francis Drake

Sir Francis Drake, a British naval officer, overtook the Nuestra Senora del Rosario, a Spanish ship, during the Spanish Armada. (1588-1603) He also raided the Spanish with Elizabeth's approval, which led to the defeat against them.

Policies Put in Place

There were two policies that aided the achievement of some of the goals of Elizabeth I. One was involving Parliament. Elizabeth voted for taxation, or money paid as tax, to cover high military expenses. It wasn't quite enough, so she had to sell some land in order to have enough money. This probably helped the British defeat the Spanish during the Spanish Armada. Another policy, or decision, Elizabeth I made while queen was whether or not to execute her half-sister, Mary. When Henry VIII died, he wanted to make sure she would never became queen of England because he didn't want a Catholic ruling his country. Mary was the Queen of Scots at the time. This wasn't going to stop her from trying to become queen over Elizabeth. Finally, after many years, it was concluded that they should execute her because of her alleged plans to kill Elizabeth.

Acheivments

One of the many achievements of Elizabeth I was the founding of the East India Company. This system was developed on December 31, 1600. This granted the merchants of England to trade with the East Indies. This was an important achievement for Elizabeth and her country because now individual producers and consumers could make their own decisions about their businesses. Another achievement of Elizabeth was her contribution to the growth of England's international trade. During her reign, she set up over 90% of trade links between England and the world. One last achievement of Elizabeth I was the Compromise between Protestant and Catholics. She was a true protestant because the Catholics didn't approve of the divorce between her father and Catherine of Aragon. The people of England didn't know which religion was appropriate for them. They wanted to be loyal to their ruler. In 1559, she was declared Supreme Governor to ease the decision of religion for her people, since the Pope was the head of the Catholic Church.