Nobel Prize of Chemistry in 1995

Ryan Francis and Lauren Parker

Mario J. Molina

-Born March 19, 1943 in Mexico City, Mexico

-Still alive and is currently 73 years old

-Studied at The National Autonomous University of Mexico, and The University of California, Berkeley

-Worked at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) when he was awarded with the Nobel Prize

-Studied physical, atmospheric, and environmental chemistry

Fun fact- Mario once converted his home bathroom into a laboratory as a kid. He used toy microscopes to look closer at different items he found interesting.

Scientific Method- Mario believed that CFC's (gases that are found in cleaning solutions and spray cans) were causing the ozone layer to weaken (The ozone layer is a layer in the atmosphere that helps block some of the sun's rays). He developed this theory with his co-worker F. Sherwood Rowland.

Experiments- Mario conducted experiments with F. Sherwood Roland to see how different chemicals affected the ozone. In one experiment of their's, they tested to see how chlorine peroxide (a chemical made of chlorine and oxygen) affected the ozone layer. The results of this experiment caused them to believe that chlorine peroxide was one of the many gases that cause the ozone layer to weaken.

Paul J. Crutzen

-Born December 3, 1933 in Amsterdam, Netherlands

- Still alive and is currently 82 years old

-Studied at Stockholm University in Sweden

-Worked at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry when he was awarded with the Nobel Prize

-Studied atmospheric and environmental chemistry

Fun Fact- Paul didn't always like Chemistry. He said that during his school days it was his least favorite subject.

Scientific Method- Paul believed that releasing certain gases (especially those released by factories and manufacturing facilities) were causing the ozone layer to weaken (The ozone layer is a layer in the atmosphere that helps block some of the sun's rays).

Experiments- Paul conducted an experiment to see how Nitrogen oxides affected the ozone layer (Nitrogen oxides are gases that are made of nitrogen and oxygen). The results of his experiment caused him to believe that Nitrogen oxides, as well as some other gases, weaken the ozone layer.

F. Sherwood Rowland

-Born June 28, 1927 in Delaware, Ohio

-Died March 10, 2012 in Corona del Mar, California

-Studied at The University of Chicago and Ohio Wesleyan University

-Worked at the University of California in Irvine, California when he was awarded with the Nobel Prize

-Studied atmospheric and environmental chemistry

Fun Fact- Sherwood was a very smart kid and completed school pretty quickly. He started first grade when he was five, skipped fourth grade, and started high school when he was twelve.

Scientific Method- Sherwood believed that CFC's (gases that are found in cleaning solutions and spray cans) were causing the ozone layer to weaken (The ozone layer is a layer in the atmosphere that helps block some of the sun's rays). He developed this theory with Mario J. Molina.

Experiments- Sherwood conducted experiments with Mario J. Molina to see how different chemicals affected the ozone. In one experiment of their's, they tested to see how chlorine peroxide ( a chemical made of chlorine and oxygen) affected the ozone layer. The results of this experiment caused them to believe that chlorine peroxide was one of the many gases that cause the ozone layer to weaken.

Why They Won

-Crutzen, Rowland, and Molina won a Nobel Prize for their work in atmospheric chemistry, specifically for their research on how the ozone layer is formed and how it can be broken down.

-Their research was very important, because it gave people a better understanding of how the ozone works and the necessary actions we should take to protect it.

-Before they began their work, there were questions about why there were holes in the ozone. Their research studying the effect of different chemicals and gases on the ozone answered these questions. Because of this, the word was spread that it was important to do all we can to reduce pollution.

- Their work didn't challenge any previous knowledge. Their discoveries had quite the impact on the science community and their work has been widely accepted. They made quite the breakthrough in the atmospheric chemistry community.

-Their work is currently being used to monitor/limit the amount of chemicals/gases being released into the environment. This is to make sure that the ozone isn't damaged further.

-Their research will continue to have an impact in the future since we will always need to closely monitor our environment. We know what we have to be cautious of and the need to protect our environment will continue in the future.