Christina Yu, Madison Malin, Maria Hodge

Signs & Symptoms

  • Talkativeness (blurting out inappropriate comments)

  • Being quickly bored with tasks and activities

  • Difficulty focusing/sitting still/waiting

  • Difficulty organizing and completing a task

  • Difficulty paying attention (listening to and following instructions)

Possible Causes

No direct causes, but a child is more likely to get ADD/ADHD if:
  • A parent has ADD/ADHD
  • S/he is born with a low birth weight or born premature
  • His/Her mother smoked or drank alcohol during pregnancy
(those toxins may interfere with brain development)
What It Feels Like To Have ADHD

Helpful Health Care Professionals

Child / Adolescent Psychiatrists

  • Diagnose ADD / ADHD
  • Prescribe medications


  • Provide talk therapy
  • Help people with ADD / ADHD explore their feelings

Cognitive - Behavioral Therapists

  • Establish concrete goals for behavior and achievement
  • Set up behavior modification programs at school, work, and home

Educational Specialists

  • Advise families about assistive technology
  • Teach techniques for succeeding in school

Advice & Assistance

Time Management

  • Become a clock-watcher - Use a wristwatch or highly visible wall or desk clock to help you keep track of time.
  • Use timers - Allot yourself limited amounts of time for each task and use a timer or alarm to alert you when your time is up.


  • Decide what’s first - Ask yourself what is the most important task you need to accomplish, and then order your other tasks after that one.
  • Stay on task - Avoid getting sidetracked by sticking to your schedule, using a timer to enforce it if necessary

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  • Sleep - Regular quality sleep can lead to vast improvement in the symptoms of ADD/ADHD.
  • Good Nutrition - Scheduling regular meals /snacks helps maintain your blood sugar level, minimizing irritability and supporting concentration and focus.
  • Medication - Common ADHD medicines include Adderall and Ritalin. However, some side effects include nervousness, headaches, decreased appetite, insomnia, and a dry mouth
  • Exercising - This is one of the easiest and most effective ways to reduce the symptoms of ADD/ADHD. Unlike ADD/ADHD medication, exercise doesn’t require a prescription and it’s side effect free.
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