New England Colonies

Rhode Island

Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence

Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)

Major Cities: Providence

Colony Named for: Dutch for red island

Became a State: May 29, 1790


Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford

Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, fishing)

Major Cities: Hartford, New Haven

Colony Named for: from an Algonquin word, quinnehtukqut, beside the long tidal river

Became a State: February 6, 1788


Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay

Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding)

Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord

Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means large hill place

Became a State: February 6, 1788

New Hampshire

Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others

Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding)

Major Cities: Concord

Colony Named for: country of Hampshire in England

Became a State: June 21, 1788